Posted by Joshua on Monday, September 12th, 2011
The Muslim Brotherhood
The Muslim Brotherhood, speaking on al-Jazeera, said that ex-V.P. Khaddam contacted them 2.5 years before he left Syria in 2005. They later broke up their alliance, the MB explained, and dissolved the National Salvation Front because Khaddam wanted to support Fatah. The MB sided with Hamas and Gaza in 2009.
It should be added that the alliance was created in large measure to respond to the push by the Bush administration to “reform the larger Middle East.” Once Obama came to office, the National Salvation Front seemed fated to disintegrate as Khaddam and the Muslim Brotherhood had little in common other than the desire to bring down the Assad regime. This fact is born out by the refusal of the MB and other opposition groups to cooperate with Khaddam now that a grass roots uprising has begun.
Aron Lund adds:
The breakup of the NSF seems more related to Saudi Arabia and the Hariris, Khaddam’s main sponsors. When they began to prepare for a compromise settlement over Lebanon with Bashar, in 2008-2009, Khaddam seems to have been told to stand down. It wasn’t just that there was a split with the MB, he also shuttered his satellite channel and basically went out of active politics (until 2011). As for the MB, whether they picked their course in 2009 (“suspending opposition”) for tactical reasons or because they, too, faced pressure/promises from KSA or other external actors — who knows? In any case, the official explanation, that it was all about attitudes to Gaza, doesn’t hold water at all.
Turkey: Leader of Resistance?
Today, Turkey has picked up sponsorship of the Muslim Brotherhood and is striving to replace Saudi Arabia as the MB’s main sponsor and guide. This Saudi-Turkish competition over leadership of the Syrian opposition establishes an interesting dynamic when it comes to Israel, as Turkey seems to be in the process of stealing Syria’s role, and perhaps Iran’s role as well, as leader of the resistance. It is maneuvering itself in this direction with growing indignation over Israel’s denial of Palestinian rights and threats to send its navy to protect boats headed for Gaza.
Rather than fall into line behind Saudi Arabia, Israel and the US on Syria and Iran, Turkey is finessing Washington. It has condemned Syria’s authoritarianism and military suppression of dissent, but it is not allowing its deteriorating relations with Syria and Iran to force it into patching up its damaged relationship with Israel. This is what most of us believed would happen. We thought that Turkey would close ranks with Washington and Tel Aviv in order to take on Syria.
Being anti-Israel and pro-Palestinian must has greater resonance with Turks than being anti-Assad and pro-Syria revolution. Erdoghan seems to be responding to popular sentiment in the same way that Obama does in supporting Israel and its anti-Palestinian policies.
Haytham Khoury reports that the Syrian opposition is deeply divided over how to construct an“National Council”. His article entitled “المجلس الوطني الإنتقالي بين الإنقلابات ومضادتها” explains
The Arab uprising that started in Tunisia and Egypt reached its climax on February 11, the day President Hosni Mubarak was forced to step down. It was peaceful, homegrown, spontaneous, and seemingly unified. Lenin’s theory was turned on its head. The Russian leader postulated that a victorious revol…
From all corners of the Arab world, Islamists of various tendencies are coming in from the cold. Virtually everywhere they are the largest single group as well as the best organized. In Egypt and Tunisia, where they had been alternatively—and sometimes concurrently—tolerated and repressed, they are full-fledged political actors. In Libya, where they had been suppressed, they joined and played a major part in the rebellion. In Syria, where they had been massacred, they are a principal component of the protest movement…..
The Islamists are on a mission to reassure. They might play down controversial religious aspects of their project, with emphasis less on Islamic law than on good governance and the fight against corruption, a free-market economy and a pluralistic political system that guarantees human and gender rights. They will argue for a more assertive and independent foreign policy, but might at the same time strive for good relations with the West. They will be skeptical about peace agreements with Israel but they will neither abrogate them nor push for open hostility to the Jewish state. The model they will hold out will be closer to Erdogan’s Turkey than to the ayatollahs’ Iran or the Taliban’s Afghanistan though, since they lack Turkey’s political culture and institutions, the model they eventually build will be their own.
Quietly, the Islamists might present themselves as the West’s most effective allies against its most dangerous foes: armed jihadists, whom they have the religious legitimacy to contain and, if necessary, cripple; and Iran,….The thorniest challenge to the traditional middle-of-the-road Islamists will come from the Salafists.
Revolutions devour their children. The spoils go to the resolute, the patient, who know what they are pursuing and how to achieve it. Revolutions almost invariably are short-lived affairs, bursts of energy that destroy much on their pathway, including the people and ideas that inspired them. So it is with the Arab uprising. It will bring about radical changes. It will empower new forces and marginalize others. But the young activists who first rush onto the streets tend to lose out in the skirmishes that follow. Members of the general public might be grateful for what they have done. They often admire them and hold them in high esteem. But they do not feel they are part of them. The usual condition of a revolutionary is to be tossed aside.
The Arab world’s immediate future will very likely unfold in a complex tussle between the army, remnants of old regimes, and the Islamists, all of them with roots, resources, as well as the ability and willpower to shape events. Regional parties will have influence and international powers will not refrain from involvement. There are many possible outcomes—from restoration of the old order to military takeover, from unruly fragmentation and civil war to creeping Islamization. But the result that many outsiders had hoped for—a victory by the original protesters—is almost certainly foreclosed….
Things are not as they seem. The sound and fury of revolutionary moments can dull the senses and obscure the more ruthless struggles going on in the shadows.
Syrian dissidents on Thursday will present the list of members of a “National Council” to coordinate their struggle against the regime of Bashar al-Assad, their spokesperson Basma Qadmani said Monday.
“The composition of the council will be announced this Thursday. Meanwhile, consultations [with dissident groups] are still ongoing,” Qadmani said during a press conference in Istanbul.
Syrian opponents declared the establishment of a “National Council” in Istanbul on August 23, after four days of discussions.
The board “represents all major forces [of Syrian dissidents]: political parties, independent personalities who are symbols of the Syrian opposition” and most of them live in Syria, Qadmani told AFP.
“Once it is announced, the council will remain open to all remaining opposition forces,” Qadmani said, adding that the aim of the council is not to eliminate other groups but to offer a “national framework” for the whole opposition.
Qadmani, a political activist based in Paris, said the members of the council were selected by consensus according to their “personal qualifications” from a list of 700 names representing a wide range of opposition forces.
Assad Can stay in power for quite a long time….
“بريئون من الأعمال الوحشية التي يقوم بها أعوان بشار من كل الطوائف”
أصدر ثلاثة من كبار مشايخ الطائفة العلوية في مدينة حمص بياناً أعلنوا فيه براءتهم من “الأعمال الوحشية” التي يقوم بها النظام السوري بحق المحتجين، ومؤكدين في الوقت نفسه أن نظام الأسد لم ولن يمثل طائفتهم الشريفة في أي حال من الأحوال”.
وأوضح البيان الموقع بأسماء المشايخ: مهيب نيصافي، ياسين حسين، موسى منصور: “نعلن براءتنا من هذه الأعمال الوحشية التي يقوم بها بشار الأسد وأعوانه من الذين ينتمون إلى كل الطوائف – ونتحمل مسؤولية ما نقوله”.
من كبار مشايخ الطائفة العلوية بحمص: نظام الأسد يسعى للفتنة الطائفية
Kremlin firmly opposes UN sanctions on Syria, Medvedev added that Moscow believes there is no need to introduce new U.N. sanctions against Syria in addition to the U.S. and the EU sanctions already in place.
Syrian assets frozen by Swiss reach 45 mn francs, 2011-09-12 16:42:39.381 GMT
Sept. 12 (PTI) — The amount of Syrian assets frozen by Switzerland has now reached 45 million francs (37.3 million euros, USD 51 million), Bern said today. “This is a total for all sanctions against Syria, whether they be individuals or companies” and is up from 27 million francs in mid-August, a spokeswoman for the economy ministry told AFP.
Syria offers nuclear cooperation, IAEA says – 09/12/2011 19:06
VIENNA – Syria has offered to cooperate with a UN nuclear watchdog probe into a suspected reactor site after years of stonewalling, and a meeting on the issue has been proposed for October, the Vienna-based agency’s head said on Monday.
Syria: Testing Time – 07.09.2011 – Monthly Review
Syria remains relatively calm as efforts to destabilise its government through orchestrated attacks by rebels fail.
John Cherian, who was recently in Damascus and Hama, is Associate Editor of Frontline in India.
Life in the Syrian capital, Damascus, seems to be continuing as normal. The streets and the mosques are crowded after the devout break their Ramazan fast in the evening. The security presence is minimal. In fact, there are more armed police and paramilitary men in central Delhi than in the heart of Damascus. This does not mean that all of Syria has suddenly become calm. Although the two biggest cities, Damascus and Aleppo, have not witnessed any major anti-government demonstrations or violence so far, smaller cities such as Homs, Jisr al-Shughour and Deraa continue to be rocked by intermittent protests and violence.
Arab League says Syria reform deal agreed – 11 September 2011
Nabil el-Araby, the head of the Arab League, says he has reached an “agreement on reforms” in Syria during talks with President Bashar al-Assad.
El-Araby met Assad and other senior officials in Damascus on Saturday.
“We have reached agreement on steps to carry out the reforms, [and] the elements will be submitted to the council of the Arab League,” which meets in Cairo on Monday, El-Araby said after the meeting.
El-Araby told journalists in Egypt that he had urged Assad to “speed up reform plans through a timetable that will make every Syrian citizen feel that he has moved to a new stage”.
The state-run Syrian news agency SANA said el-Araby had “affirmed the Arab League’s rejection of all forms of foreign interference in Syrian internal affairs” and that the two leaders had agreed on “a number of practical steps for speeding up the reform process in Syria”.
According to information leaked to the media earlier this week about el-Araby’s visit, he was to call for the withdrawal of troops and tanks from Syrian cities and towns and to push for elections to be held within three years.
Activists, on the ground and in exile have moral obligation to put their differences aside and unite to form a representative oppositional Council.
Their first task should be to garner reconnaissance and logistical support for the FOM and FSA.
Tomorrow, 57 defected army personel, including 17 officers are reported to await execution tomorrow, in addition to those that have already been executed at Mazzeh military airport.
Ugarit News | أوغاريت الإخبارية
أوغاريت || داريا ريف دمشق :: الآن انتشار للجيش في المدينة والأمن يطلق الرصاص على أي شخص يحضر للتشييع وهناك انشقاق في صفوف الجيش واطلاق النار ما بين الأمن والمنشقين وهناك أنباء عن اصابات
وأحد المنشقين أورد أنه غداً يوم الأحد سوف يتم اعدام 57 عسكري منهم 17 ضابط انشقوا في الايام السابقة في مطار المزة العسكري , ويقول ايضاً هناك الكثير من الشهداء في مطار المزة تم اعدامهم خلال اأيام الماضية والاعدام كان باشكال فردي من قبل الشبيحة في المطار
What is the most dangerous force in the world? Answers that might come to mind are AL-Qaeda-inspired terrorism, or the threat posed by Iranian and North Korean nuclear weapons. These are indeed dangerous, but the most pervasive threat is the large …
Egypt police raid Al Jazeera office as sense of crisis grows, Sunday, 09.11.2011
Deputy Observor of the Syrian MB: The time for Dialogue with the regime has passed. Our political vision for New Syria was finalized in 2004 and falls in 130 page document.!
By Muhammad Daf3allah, 2011/09/12
نائب مراقب الإخوان في سوريا لـ “الشرق”:الحوار مع النظام انتهى ومشروعنا السياسي جاهز
محمد دفع الله:الشرق
أكد محمد فاروق طيفور نائب المراقب العام للاخوان المسلمين في سوريا ان الاخوان لديهم مشروع سياسي جاهز لسوريا الجديدة بعد القضاء على نظام الاسد.
واشار في حوار مع الشرق الى ان هذا المشروع تم انجازه منذ عام 2004 ويسمى بالمشروع السياسي لسوريا المستقبل ويتكون من 130 صفحة يضمن رؤية واضحة للدولة الجديدة التي يريدها السوريون وهي دولة مدنية ديمقراطية تعددية تتداول فيها السلطة وتحتكم الى صناديق الاقتراع ويرضى الجميع بما تتمخض عنه الانتخابات.
وقال: لا نطمح في تشكيل الاكثرية او تسلم الحكم وصناديق الاقتراع هي الفيصل بيننا وبين القوى السياسية الاخرى.
وشدد على ان وقت الحوار مع النظام قد انتهى بعد أن سالت الدماء وأزهقت الأرواح.. ولفت الى الاخوان في سوريا يتشارون مع الاخوان في مصر من أجل الوقوف بجانبهم في صراعهم مع نظام الأسد.. وقال ان السوريين يأملون في موقف حاسم من الجامعة العربية لصالح ثورتهم..
وذكر أن الاخوان في سوريا ربما يشكلون حزبا سياسيا عقب نظام بشار الاسد اذا اقتضى الحال، مبينا ان التخوف من وصول الاخوان الى الحكم سببه التداعيات التي نجمت عن النظام العقائدي في ايران