Quwat al-Ridha: Syrian Hezbollah

By Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi

QuwatRidhaGraphic
Quwat al-Ridha graphic: “Special Missions school: Quwat al-Ridha: the Islamic Resistance in Syria. Dedication: the men of God in the locality of Umm al-Amad [in Homs province].”

The involvement of Hezbollah in the Syrian civil war and its deployments of fighters from Lebanon are basic facts of the conflict. Less explored is the development of Hezbollah as a native Syrian force and brand. At this site, we previously profiled one such group- the National Ideological Resistance– and interviewed its commander. Founded in Tartous governorate and primarily operating there as well as Hama and Aleppo provinces, the National Ideological Resistance cooperates with Hezbollah. However, it is not the only Syrian Hezbollah group around. This piece looks at Quwat al-Ridha, another such force.

Quwat al-Ridha’s name translates as “Al-Ridha Forces”- al-Ridha being a reference to the eighth Shi’a Imam. Indeed, Quwat al-Ridha sources sometimes refer to their group more fully as “Imam Ali al-Ridha Forces.” The pro-regime site al-Hadath News offers an overview of this group in an article from May 2014:

“Quwat al-Ridha is considered the core nucleus for ‘Hezbollah in Syria’- the organization that has appeared recently operating military in clear form, under the leadership and supervision of Hezbollah in Lebanon: this wing has placed before its eyes fighting ‘Israel’ in the Golan, and similarly the takfiris within.

Quwat al-Ridha is composed, as we have said before, of native Syrian young fighters, Shi’a and Sunni, the majority of them from countryside areas (Homs, Aleppo, Deraa and Damascus countryside). There is no official survey for the number of these forces, but they have come to be considered essential, for they have participated in a number of the greatest battles, decisive on the Syrian battlefield.

Qalamoun

According to available information from al-Hadath News, units of these forces have participated in the Qalamoun battles, especially the battles on the principle fronts (Yabroud, Rankous), and it was among the number of forces that were at the head of the advance and assault operations. A fighter from Hezbollah who participated in the fight describes the performance of Quwat al-Ridha as “distinguished and learned from the fighting methods of Hezbollah,” adding that they “enjoy important military strength as well as solid ideology and organized operation, making them among those distinguished on the battleground in which they operate.”

During the Rankous assault, Quwat al-Ridha units participated with effectiveness, according to al-Hadath News information derived from field sources, for the al-Ridha fighters advanced towards Qalamoun from the side of West Ghouta in vehicles and centred to the east from Rankous, and at the arrival of zero hour- the hour of the decisive assault upon it- they advanced in parallel with the advance of the other units, while they distinguished their day with clear desert military uniforms and the ‘Green Marines’ shield that showed their identity. They were the first to reach and penetrate east Rankous after the fall of the hills.

Homs

In neighbourhoods of Old Homs they had a footprint as well. There they participated in the final battles in these neighbourhoods. A number of martyrs fell for them (around 12). In the announcement of their deaths in Syria they were mourned as National Defence Forces, but they were buried in their villages draped with the banner ‘Hezbollah in Syria’ and the Syrian flag, pointing to their true affiliation.

Aleppo and East and West Ghouta

In Aleppo as well as East and West Ghouta they had and still have a presence. Sources do not conceal their participation in the Ramousa and Khanaser battles as well as the eastern countryside front from the city. Further they have participated in groups in the operations to advance towards the central prison, while other units have concentrated in the villages. The sources also do not conceal the role of these units in the West Ghouta and South Damascus battle, and currently their participation in the Darayya battles, while West Ghouta has become a military base for Quwat al-Ridha in the field, and the Aleppo front the practical military field framework.

Deraa

Quwat al-Ridha have entered into Southern Syria too: the Quneitra and Golan areas. In the Deraa countryside al-Ridha fighters are found participating in the Busra al-Harir and Busra al-Sham and the connected expansion will occur towards Quneitra and the furthest south of Syria under the wing of the Syrian army to support it in resisting the assault of opposition forces.”

It is of interest to compare these remarks with the testimony of a media activist for Quwat al-Ridha who spoke to this author. According to this source, the recruits for Quwat al-Ridha primarily come from the Homs area, with a more limited number from other areas such as Aleppo and Kafariya and Fou’a (the latter two are the Shi’a villages in Idlib currently under assault from Jaysh al-Fatah). This seems to be corroborated somewhat by the known ‘martyrdoms’ for Quwat al-Ridha. At the same time, it should also be noted that the media activist sought to downplay connections with Lebanese Hezbollah, portraying Quwat al-Ridha as an independent “Syrian resistance” force. Such formal distancing ought to be taken with a pinch of salt. Indeed, the leader of Quwat al-Ridha during the important stage of development for the militia in the battles of Homs city was Lebanese Hezbollah commander Hamza Ibrahim Hayder (Abu Mustafa), who was from Kafrdan in the Beqaa Valley and died fighting in al-Khalidiya in Homs on 29 June 2013. The actual connections with Hezbollah also explain why Quwat al-Ridha’s primary recruitment base seems to be Homs province, particularly in and around Homs city. For on account of the area’s proximity to the border with Lebanon and its importance to Assad regime interests, it is a natural and logical place for Hezbollah to project influence into the remaining Syrian rump state as a native Syrian force.

Below are some notable ‘martyrs’ of Quwat al-Ridha. The most notable developments since the al-Hadath News report partly translated above are the multiple ‘martyrdoms’ declared in Idlib province and Palmyra. This might undermine the initial impression of the fighting in Idlib province and Palmyra, which have seen rapid losses for the regime, that the regime forces were largely conventional and not backed up by irregular forces (as opposed to e.g. Aleppo). The Syrian Hezbollah presence in the Idlib fighting in particular is also corroborated by Jabhat al-Nusra media output for the Idlib offensives, which found Syrian Hezbollah insignia left behind among the routed forces. In these ‘martyrdoms’, note the distinct Hezbollah in Syria flag, as well as the use of the familiar Hezbollah/Shi’a militia slogans and motifs of defending Sayyida Zainab whose shrine is located in Damascus (e.g. “Zainab won’t be taken captive twice”- i.e. preventing the shrine from falling into rebel/jihadi hands and being destroyed). Note also Quwat al-Ridha announced a fallen fighter on 14 July 2015: Mustafa Hamada Hamada, who was originally from Homs province and died fighting in the al-Ghab Plain in north Hama countryside.

Some Martyrs of Quwat al-Ridha

AliMuhammadAlialMuhammad
Name: Ali Muhammad Ali al-Muhammad
Birth and Residence: Al-Abbasiya, Homs
Born: 1997
Marital Status: Unmarried
Education Status: Secondary School
Date of Martyrdom: 2015
Place of Martyrdom: Sha’ar Field (Homs province)

AhmadBassamKarabij
Name: Ahmad Bassam Karabij
Place of Birth: Kafariya
Residency: al-Abbasiya, Homs
Born: 1998
Marital Status: Unmarried
Educational Status: Secondary School
Date of Martyrdom: 26 June 2015
Place of Martyrdom: Palmyra

AliMousaDari'
Name: Ali Mousa Dari’
Place of Birth: al-Bayada, Homs
Residency: al-Abbasiya, Homs
Born: 1996
Marital Status: Unmarried
Education Status: Preparatory School [just before university]
Date of Martyrdom: 25 May 2014
Place of Martyrdom: Douma, Damascus Countryside

MustafaAliKunyar
Name: Mustafa Ali Kunyar
Place of Birth: Umm al-Amad [Homs province]
Residency: al-Abbasiya, Homs
Born: 1998
Marital Status: Unmarried
Educational Status: Secondary School
Date of Martyrdom: June 2014
Place of Martyrdom: Jabburin [Homs province]

AyadHailAloush
Name: Ayad Ha’il Alloush
Place of Birth: Umm Jabab [Homs province]
Residency: al-Abbasiya, Homs
Date of Birth: 6 October 1988
Date of Martyrdom: 23 April 2013
Place of Martyrdom: al-Khalidiya, Homs

As'adMuhammadHussein
Name: As’ad Muhammad Hussein
Place of Birth: Umm al-Amad [Homs province]
Date of Birth: 25 June 1979
Date of Martyrdom: 29 April 2014
Place of Martyrdom: al-Abbasiya, Homs (killed in the Jabhat al-Nusra bomb attacks that day)

MuhammadHassaanAlAbrash
Name: Muhammad Hassan al-Abrash
Residency: al-Thabitiya [Homs province]
Age: 20 years old
Marital Status: Engaged
Educational Status: University student at the Petrol College
Date of Martyrdom: 1 March 2015
Place of Martyrdom: Bashkawi, Aleppo province

HayderFuadDouman
Name: Hayder Fu’ad Douman
Place of Birth: Umm al-Amad [Homs province]
Residency: al-Abbasiya, Homs
Place of Martyrdom: Palmyra
Date of Martyrdom: 10 June 2015 (announced)

BasilAliNuama
Name: Basil Ali al-Nu’ama
Place of Birth: Umm Jabab [Homs province]
Place of Martyrdom: Jisr al-Shughur
Date of Martyrdom: 9 May 2015

FawazalSaddam
Name: Fawaz al-Saddam
Place of Birth: Tel Khazneh [Hama province]
Place of Martyrdom: Ariha, Idlib province (killed during the fall of the town to Jaysh al-Fatah)

MustafaAbbasAlouesh
Name: Mustafa Abbas Alouesh
Place of Martyrdom: Idlib province

AlialHajji
Name: Ali al-Hajji
Place of Martyrdom: Palmyra

HayderIbrahimAbbas
Name: Hayder Ibrahim Abbas
Place of Birth: Albu Waydah [Homs province]
Place of Martyrdom: Aleppo province
Date of Martyrdom: 23 May 2015

MahmoudHassanOmar
Name: Mahmoud Hassan Omar
Place of Birth: al-Hamudiya village
Place of Martyrdom: Sha’ar Field [Homs province]

MustafaalAhmed
Name: Mustafa al-Ahmad
Place of Birth: Tel Khazneh [Hama province]
Place of Martyrdom: Idlib province

HassanAlHajj
Name: Hassan al-Hajj
Place of Birth: Umm al-Tin [Homs province]
Place of Martyrdom: Idlib province

MuhammadYusufTufaili
Name: Muhammad Yusuf al-Tufaili
Place of Birth: al-Thabitiya [Homs province]
Place of Martyrdom: Ariha, Idlib province (killed during fall of town to Jaysh al-Fatah)

DawudAhmadOmar
Name: Dawud al-Omar
Place of Birth: al-Hamudiya
Place of Martyrdom: Harasta (Damascus province)

3MartyrsRidha
Names: Faris Muhammad Abada, Hayder Nur al-Din Abada, Muhammad Tamer Taha
Origin: Quwat al-Ridha, Homs province
Date of Martyrdom: June 2015
Place of Martyrdom: Jurud Falita, Qalamoun

MuhammadMehdiAlialHayek
Name: Muhammad Mehdi Ali al-Hayek

HayderAbbas
Funeral procession for Quwat al-Ridha fighter Hayder Abbas.

Conclusion

The development of Quwat al-Ridha and Syrian Hezbollah as an important irregular actor should pose a challenge to those who might see war-weariness in Lebanese Hezbollah and no benefit to its intervention in Syria. Rather, it is apparent that this phenomenon fits in with what Matt Levitt deems the transformation of Hezbollah into a major “regional player,” projecting power beyond Lebanon and potentially influencing the political landscapes of its zones of intervention in important ways. The media activist for Quwat al-Ridha may downplay the question of political ambitions for Syrian Hezbollah, saying there is no political wing “but the state” and affirming a goal of “popular defence formation only,” but that only conceals the reality of political fragmentation in what remains of regime-held Syria as different actors carve out their own spheres of influence on the basis of contributions to the war effort and defence of vital areas. A similar trend is happening in Iraq with the growth of the different Hashd Sha’abi factions and their competing affiliations.

Comments (93)


Pages: « 1 [2] Show All

51. SANDRO LOEWE said:

48. ALAN

The House of Assad will be one of the great responsibles of the frustration of the Kurdish Nation. Repression was massvie on any kurdish identity sign and names of villages for 40 years, the kurdish political movement in Syria brutally beheaded from day 1 and completely manipulated by the fake PKK of Syria.

The stupid kurdish PKK members of Syria just legitimated the Assad destruction of syrian kurdish aspirations and destroyed any chance of constructive diallogue with the turkish side.

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August 5th, 2015, 8:57 am

 

52. majedkhaldoun said:

US sent warning to Assad ,that if he sends his jet against Rebels fighting ISIS US will attack him, he must stay away from this force that is going to liberate most of Syria from ISIS, in other word while it is not publically No Fly Zone, there could become one

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August 5th, 2015, 12:19 pm

 

53. ALAN said:

دكتور ماجد
ذكرت الولايات المتحدة و قابلتها بالأسد نديا اذا فالأسد موزون
استرسلت و قلت: /اذا أرسل طائراته/ ايضاهنا يبدو أنالأسد موزون
/ضد المتمردين الذين يقاتلون داعش/ ؟ هل أنشأت الولايات المتحدة تحالف عرمرم يضم دولا و قواعد عسكرية وأقمارا اصطناعية و طائرات بدون طيار و قطعا بحرية و مع كل ذلك تلجأ الى المتمردين لقتال داعش؟ بحق الله هل أمريكا جمهورية موز؟
بعدها تقول بأن الأسد يجب أن يحيد جانبا ليتيح المجال لتلك القوة لتحرير أغلب الأراضي السورية من داعش. و هل وقف الأسد عائقا امام أحد لتحرير الرقة على سبيل المثال من داعش؟ ثم تختتم بمنطقة حظر طيران . ألم يكفي ثلاث مرات دوبل فيتو صيني روسي في مجلس الأمن على هذا؟
و عليه يادكتور اذا كنا نحن المتعلمين بهذه الحالة فماذا ننتظر من عامة الناس؟

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August 5th, 2015, 3:47 pm

 

54. Passerby said:

Some comments:

1. Sure seems suspicious how Erdogan had the Kurd opposition in the election, hurting him, and now he’s hurting the Kurds. It’s clear the man wants to cling to power at all costs, he’s degenerated into that.

2. I just don’t see a happy outcome for Syria and the region. Who, knows, a butterfly’s wings in the Congo can change everything. If there is a hope, it requires Security Council military might, and partitioning. ISIS is just the Saddam Regime, they’d be thrilled to keep half of Syria and Iraq, (if we were crazy enough to let them), but Nusra etc sure wouldn’t accept the deal.

3. Iran is about to get a cash windfall, unless they want to improve the lives of their people, (right), they can drench Hezbollah and Assad in money and state of the art weapons. Half, heck, 10% of it would shower money and weapons on Assad and Hezbollah.

4. You can’t defeat the Alawites without opening the Doors of Hell. They know they would be exterminated. Find another plan.

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August 5th, 2015, 4:08 pm

 

55. Passerby said:

I negotiate for a living, not this kind of thing, but why not give it a shot, not a lot of good plans to end the torment of the people of Syria (and Iraq).

With the unified military might of a united Security Council, it would be very easy to lay down the law to everyone, and solve it, but things would have to get a lot worse before that can happen, so this assumes it’ just the United States and whatever support it can muster up from sane people.

Positions of the Players in the Negotiation:

United States – Iran doesn’t take over the entire region. ISIS/Saddam Regime doesn’t continue to control half of Syria and Iraq. And our friends, Israel, and the proud new country of Kurdistan are taken care of.

Turkey – Assad would have been acceptable, but his murdering Sunnis is unacceptable. Not worth fighting over, but helping anyone tormenting Assad works. ISIS is no concern, there’s an agreement. And Kurds can’t have anything. No end to the war unless Assad is gone.

ISIS/Saddam Regime Leadership – Stay in power.

Takfiris with ISIS/Nusra/Etc. – Kill or repress anyone whose religion is the slightest bit different, particularly Shiites.

Assad Syndicate – Stay in power.

Alawites – Don’t get exterminated. Don’t go back to the repression of the last 1000+ years. End the war, end the suffering and death.

Iran – Control Lebanon, Syria and Iraq. Spread their religion, repress other religions, in particular, Sunnis.

Russia – Have their friends taken care of, Assad in particular.

Negotiation:

First thing is you have to play Assad off against Erdogan. Two different negotiations. And tell both the truth, you are deciding who to cut a deal with.

Dear President Erdogan,
The suffering of the Syrian and region’s people has to come to an end. You aren’t willing to fight Assad, no one else is willing to fight Assad except the worst terrorists on earth, so Assad is staying and we are talking to him about a deal. We’d sure like to make a deal with you instead, can you help us? A land air corridor to Kurdistan is non-negotiable. Unified action against ISIS in non-negotiable.

Dear President Assad,
I have to give you credit, helping resurrect the Saddam Regime’s Zarqawi/Al-Qaeda in Iraq/ISIS/IS in the no-fly zone scam is genius. The two of you working together making sure any actual moderate was quickly exterminated, it just works so good. A sweet deal. And gotta’ give you credit, you never threatened us. You now have two choices. First choice is you finally get Alawitistan, and we’ll toss in the big cities, on that line, north to south, Aleppo, Damascus, etc. You didn’t want the rest of Syria anyway. Now, with all the refugees, you have a voting majority, or close to it. But persecution of Sunnis has to end, you really got to make a sincere effort. A land air corridor to the proud new country of Kurdistan is non-negotiable. And you have to immediately start fighting ISIS, not helping them. Your second choice is death, ISIS is a existential threat and you have been helping them so you would share their fate.

Dear Government of Iraq,
Let’s face it, you can’t fight your way out of a paper bag. And seems the Sunnis prefer the goons of ISIS to you. You sure had your chance, but you just pigged it up. You have to give a few wells to the new country of Sunnistan, and of course, the proud new country of Kurdistan will give a few wells to the Sunnis too. You can now go back to your bigotry, graft and corruption.

Dear Government of Iran,
You don’t get all you want, but you get a lot.

Dear Government of the Proud New Country of Kurdistan,
First priority with the airports is the elite military forces and all the new sophisticated weapons. We may need to resort to air-drops to handle the capacity. After that, it’s the equipment to build all the other airports. I know you understand you will never be safe until ISIS is destroyed, so trust me, if you, or the American Special Forces soldier next to you points a laser at anything, it will blow up. We stand with you.

Dear Sunni citizens of Sunnistan,
Gotta get rid of ISIS. Powerful forces are coming, be on the winning side. You have a chance to live free of ISIS and the Shiite goons in Baghdad. What you do with that chance is your choice.

Dear Governments of the Gulf States,
Did I mention we consider ISIS, Nusra, etc. an existential threat? You may find them tormenting Iran and the Shiites amusing, but we don’t. You financed their ressurection, you can now finance their destruction. It would be nice if you could field an army to help liberate the citizens of Sunnistan, but you don’t have the stomach for it. Here’s the magic word for the day, Fracking. We ain’t turning our groundwater into toxic waste for nothing.

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August 5th, 2015, 5:06 pm

 

56. Syrian said:

Passerby, don’t let the door hit you on your way out

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August 5th, 2015, 6:25 pm

 

57. Passerby said:

So, Syrian, which particular group are you determined to exterminate before any peace deal? Is it really that important?

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August 5th, 2015, 7:11 pm

 

58. Tara said:

Cc: passerby

Dear People of Syria: Kill Assad and his criminal gang. No more minority to lead the country until their historical hatred is cured. That will take probably another 1000 years

Dear Alawis: اللي بيقتل شعبه خائن. We may forgive boy we shall never forget. Justice must be served! Justice is far better option for the sect than revenge. The sect must declare repentance for reconciliation to take place.

For ISIS, Hell is awaiting you with 72 devils each

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August 5th, 2015, 7:42 pm

 

59. Syrian said:

Passrby. You gave everyone except the Sunnis what they could not get by war and gave the Sunnis the land locked desert between Syria and Iraq,and you did not even bother to give them ” land air corridor ” that you mentioned few times when it came the Kurds,
It is only you who are trying to exterminate the Sunnis who are the majority and your deal is dead on arrival.

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August 5th, 2015, 7:59 pm

 

60. Syrian said:

http://eldorar.com/node/83038
A new video showing an Alawi thug torturing a man and his wife
Alan. Don’t wait for RT to show this clip on their news site

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August 5th, 2015, 8:32 pm

 

61. Tara said:

Syrian

كانوا يقولوا بالشام على هيك شكيلات انهم جايين من ورا البقر

كنت أزعل من هالكلام

I was wrong.

تاري بيستاهلوا

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August 5th, 2015, 8:45 pm

 

62. Syrian said:

تاره
في أهانه للبقر لما من حط هيك أشخاص مع البقر بنفس الجمله
على اي حال الصبح نوضع ١٠٠٠٠ دولار لأي شخص بيقدر يتخلص من هالحشره وبعدين ارتفعت لعشرين الف
ان شاء الله منشوفه قريبا بشى فديو ممسوك

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August 5th, 2015, 8:55 pm

 

63. Tara said:

Syrian

اكيد. كلهم عم ينمسكوا واحد واحد

بتذكر عيلة الباري الشبيحة بحلب والحثالة اللي قتل واحد برمي صخور عراسه

هيك مجرمين ماخرجهم الا شي داعشي

قرفنا حرف القاف من وراهم

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August 5th, 2015, 9:06 pm

 

64. Passerby said:

Hi Syrian,

Well, I did give the citizens of Sunnistan some oil from both the Shiites of Iraq and the Kurds. But what I’ve noticed is that oil revenue isn’t always a blessing, the goons in charge just steal it, better to focus on manufacturing and education.

Ok, I’ll talk land corridor, for Sunnistan too, didn’t realize one was needed. and I’m not sure the Alawites and their minority and Sunni allies should get all those cities in that vertical line. Maybe Sunnistan should get one.

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August 5th, 2015, 9:20 pm

 

65. Syrian said:

Passerby.
Alawais are no more than 3 million, so no mater how you slice the country they will always be a minority so Alawaistan will never happen.
If you have not read the news lately Obama have already sold out the Kurds to Turkey, any Kurd who are also a minority and can not live within Syria he can always go and live in Iraqi Kurdistan. The only reason this war is still going is because Assad trying to sell Syria to Iran in exchange for the chair.
Eventually Iran and its foot Hizbolla will realize that Syria is not worth the heavy price and will come around for a deal with the Sunnis.

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August 5th, 2015, 9:48 pm

 

66. Syrian said:

باسل البريدي ،من قوات الدفاع الوطني
قرية عين الصحن ،ريف صافيتا
هو من من قام بتعذيب واهانة الرجل السوري وزوجته في الفيديو الاخير الذي انتشر على صفحات التواصل الاجتماعي.
https://m.facebook.com/groups/515100971889888?view=permalink&id=912506018816046&fs=2#!/photo.php?fbid=10153590131262474&id=560277473&set=gm.912506018816046&source=57&refid=18&__tn__=E

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August 5th, 2015, 10:36 pm

 

67. Syrian said:

باسل البريدي ،من قوات الدفاع الوطني
قرية عين الصحن ،ريف صافيتا
هو من من قام بتعذيب واهانة الرجل السوري وزوجته في الفيديو الاخير الذي انتشر على صفحات التواصل الاجتماعي.
https://m.facebook.com/groups/515100971889888?view=permalink&id=912506018816046&fs=2#!/photo.php?fbid=10153590131262474&id=560277473&set=gm.912506018816046&source=57&refid=18&__tn__=E

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August 5th, 2015, 10:36 pm

 

68. Ghufran said:

Turkmen fighters are occupying areas evacuated by Nusra. Erdogang has started his
soft invasion of northern Aleppo already. There is plenty of speculations about a plan
to end the war but nobody wants to mention partition because it is the P word.
With nusra and Isis being in charge and Erdogang being the pimp leader and many thawrajiyyeh cheering for terrorists the future will be bleak especially for people who have to live under Islamist
militias rule, nobody now talks about the NC and the political opposition figures who filled the airwaves with their brilliant analysis,
The sectarian language on this blog is disgusting but not surprising, you can not make chicken soup out of chicken soup,
تضربوا منكم للقائد الملهم امه فاشله و شعب بجم

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August 5th, 2015, 10:46 pm

 

69. Passerby said:

Hi Syrian,

Actually, I agree with most of that. Obama definitely sold out the Kurds to Turkey.

But there are other minorities scared to death of the radicals on the Alawite side, (or self serving or whatever), and a few Sunnis too. With the refugees, many of which will never want to return, and the loss of Sunni eastern Iraq, he may have a majority on a vote, at least it would be a lot easier to rig the election.

And yeah, everyone needs to know the price is too high and cut a deal, Iran included. Maybe the Assad Syndicate is getting too much with my plan, why would those goons profit. The best solution is the Alawites overthrow them, but doesn’t look like that’s imminent.

Ok, all the cities in that vertical line except Damascus goes to Sunnistan, unless the Alawites ditch Assad, they they get them all.

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August 5th, 2015, 10:52 pm

 

70. Syrian said:

Passerby,
You said the key phrase “The best solution is the Alawites overthrow them”
Before that happen nothing much will be accomplished,
In addition most refugee will come back because most are still living in camps in Jordan Lebanon and Turkey
Also there is a bigger chance that Iraqi Sunnis join Syrian Sunnis than your suggestion of the other way around,
This way Iran gets southern Iraq with the Shia holy cities, the Kurds have their country in northern Iraq. And the Sunnis finally gets their country back

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August 5th, 2015, 11:51 pm

 

71. Hopeful said:

Brilliant speech by president Obama on the Iran deal. A must watch for anyone who has doubts about it.

http://youtu.be/OlG90dMLo50

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August 6th, 2015, 2:33 am

 

72. ALAN said:

68. GHUFRAN : /The sectarian language on this blog is disgusting/
That sectarian was systematic survey by Landis precisely where the essence of his studies and his faith

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August 6th, 2015, 2:39 am

 

73. Observer said:

This post and the one before it mention the pro regime sect based militia and the sectarian nature of the conflict that was initiated from day one by a regime that painted the opposition in radical Islamist tone and hue to justify its brutality and its criminality.
We have Ghufran continue to insult the people in every one of his posts and pretends that the opposition is making chicken poop and what have you.
It the regime stupid as they say: it is infinitely more brutal and more criminal than any opposition including IS.
Here is the op-ed today from HRW in the NYT read it twice and a third time aloud and then ask someone to read it to you before you continue to post insults and dehumanize the others

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/08/06/opinion/barrel-bombs-not-isis-are-the-greatest-threat-to-syrians.html?action=click&pgtype=Homepage&module=opinion-c-col-right-region&region=opinion-c-col-right-region&WT.nav=opinion-c-col-right-region&_r=0

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August 6th, 2015, 7:49 am

 

74. Akbar Palace said:

Already sanctions are being dropped and the world is waiting in line to do business with the Iranian terror-supporting state BEFORE what the sanctions timeline sets forth.

The agreement is a farce…

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/aug/05/nuclear-deal-with-iran-europeans-scramble-for-persia

https://news.riskadvisory.net/2015/16/iran-summary-of-nuclear-deal-timeline-and-sanctions-relief/

The Ayatollahs need aircraft. Boeing will be happy to abide…

http://www.reuters.com/article/2015/08/02/us-iran-planes-idUSKCN0Q705W20150802

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August 6th, 2015, 7:53 am

 

75. Passerby said:

Hi Syrian,

Yeah, unless the Alawites toss out the Assad Criminal Syndicate, not much chance of a happy ending. Who knows, a lightning bolt could strike the top leadership, but it just doesn’t seem likely. They have nasty weapons they haven’t handed over to anyone and at some point, they would use them.

Everyone, including the Alawites know that the best thing for the Alawites is to ditch them and cut a deal, but the Alawites don’t run things, the Assad Syndicate does. It’s not the Alawites that want this, it’s Assad’s goons, a good thing to keep in mind. Have they acted like animals? Yeah, but they were treated like animals for over 1000 years. Call it even and think about your grandchildren.

So yeah, the deal has to include strong incentives for the Alawites to ditch the Assad Syndicate, but hard to see how the Assad’s would ever agree to that. I wanted to be pro-active and not wait for some hoped for event, but as a last resort, the deal could be only if they ditch the Assad goons. Wave that carrot under their nose. Would you be able to be generous (under the circumstances) to the Alawites in that case? No Assad, peace (after Nusra/ISIS is eliminated etc.) that’s not a bad deal, better than the alternative.

And yeah, that was the idea, Sunnistan would be about half of Iraq and Syria, with some Shiite and Kurd oil wells tossed in. Another optomistic option is to combine Eastern Syria with Iraq, removing the 60% vote for Shiites, producing a more inclusive government.

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August 6th, 2015, 8:24 am

 

76. SANDRO LOEWE said:

” Another optomistic option is to combine Eastern Syria with Iraq, removing the 60% vote for Shiites, producing a more inclusive government. ”

This is a very interesting idea … but extremely optimistic. How can you obligue the sharing of power to an extremely sectarian shia population in Irak who have been enjoying the total control of power since the american occupation ?

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August 6th, 2015, 3:19 pm

 

77. Passerby said:

Hi Sandro,

I hadn’t considered making that sale. I think the problem would be the political party, not the Shia on the street. People usually like the idea of their country becoming bigger and more powerful. Plus, they will listen to wise old men like Sistani.

Here’s what I’d tell the political party.

1. “First choice, ISIS on your doorstep, and a small country.

2. Second choice, if autonomous republics to some extent, you get to run a “country” larger than it is now, and have a say in a much larger more powerful country with peace and prosperity. Think of all the bribes you will get and send to the Swiss Banks if the country is prosperous.”

But yes, interesting, it gives electoral balance to Syria and Iraq. In a fair election, everyone would have to take the feelings of other groups in mind. I hate to deny the Kurds their own country, but it has the merit of everyone in the area liking the deal, so be it. We need that Kurd vote to balance Greater Iraq. With an autonomous republic, and all that oil money, and their old enemy from as far back as Saddam’s no-fly-zone, Zarqawi/Al-Qaeda in Iraq/ISIS/IS exterminated, they will be in paradise.

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August 6th, 2015, 5:01 pm

 

78. Ghufran said:

Ksa is ready to cut a deal but it may be too little too late.
Iran and Tukey outsmarted Arabs as usual.
يا أمة ضحكت من جهلها الامم

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August 6th, 2015, 9:32 pm

 
 

80. ALAN said:

since 2012 four non syrian Zio-“Experts”: Daniel Byman, Michael Doran, Kenneth Pollack, and Salman Shaikh gave Washington plan to destroy Syria
http://ru.scribd.com/doc/108893509/BrookingsSyria0315-Syria-Saban
According to this document, the victory over the regime of Syria is possible only after a limited military intervention, the purpose of which is to create “buffer zones”, the Islamists needed to prepare, receive medical care, regroup and relax. While these areas are not created, the Syrian army is able to conduct effective operations against the militants, destroying their supply lines and camps behind the front lines with the help of aviation. However, in a situation where the control points will be under the protection of Turkey and the United States, the Syrian command tactical possibilities are severely limited.

And now, three years later, Turkey and the United States say the need to create “a zone free of ISIS” in Syria, which, in essence, become a support base of the guerrillas for the subsequent offensive on Damascus.
http://i1.wp.com/virginity.media/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/uErwajBmooOuGHM7oeEl.jpg?resize=360%2C240

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August 7th, 2015, 5:23 am

 

81. Observer said:

This is the regime that Ghufran wants to keep and to have the people negotiate with as he continues to spew insults at the revolution
But for the Grace of God there goes I

http://www.aljazeera.net/news/reportsandinterviews/2015/8/6/في-سوريا-تُضرب-النساء-فتهتز-الضمائر

This is the same regime that pundits in the US and Obama would like to keep

This is the incubator of hatred and oppression at work: resistance to Israel my foot

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August 7th, 2015, 7:39 am

 

82. Tara said:

Observer

هيك حيوان ماخرجه الا داعش.

اذا لقطه شي داعشي ، داعش
May score positive review among its recruits.

And if the pundits still asking why the ME is a good milleu for ISIS and others, they need to just watch the above video to understand why and then quit their day job .

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August 7th, 2015, 8:52 am

 

83. SANDRO LOEWE said:

Rummors spreading today:

“Yemen belongs to Saudi Arabia while Syria belongs to Russia, Iraq belongs to Iran and Lebanon politically a black hole that belongs to Israel and Nasrallah. Obama has nothing but stupid words”

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August 7th, 2015, 1:12 pm

 

84. Akbar Palace said:

Iran wants to destroy the Zio Entity. Today, the Zio Entity responded:

http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-4688614,00.html

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August 7th, 2015, 1:44 pm

 

85. mjabali said:

The deeds of the Assadists do not represent the Alawites. Here is an example:

Yesterday: Sulayman Hilal al-Assad shot and killed an Alawite Colonel in the Syrian Army. The dead Colonel was Hassan al-Shaykh from Bisnada, killed in front of his 4 children at Dawar al-Azhari in Latakia. The dead man was on leave from his unit next to Homs.

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August 7th, 2015, 1:59 pm

 

86. SANDRO LOEWE said:

85. MJABALI

Alawites, Assad, Alawites, Assad, Alawites, is there anything else in your narrow sectarian world ?

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August 7th, 2015, 3:05 pm

 

87. Syrian said:

Mjabali, implying that Alawies has nothing to do with the Assadies is like Germans saying we were not all Nazis,
While not all Alawies are Assadies but all Assadies are Alawies and the silence of the sect will not help them when everything is settled and your sect left holding the bag,

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August 7th, 2015, 5:53 pm

 

88. Observer said:

This is without a comment from my part
http://aljazeera.net/news/arabic/2015/8/7/أوباما-بارقة-أمل-لحل-سياسي-بسوريا

Well said Syrian and Tara.

The very identity is based not on who you are but who you are not. Hence the only way to define the sect is by reference to what it is not. That is why it has nothing to offer and the hatred has blinded them to complete delusion about the reality on the ground.

Cheers

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August 7th, 2015, 6:39 pm

 

89. mjabali said:

“Syrian”

Not all Assadists are Alawite as you claim. This is a known fact.

The problem of the Alawites is that they are stuck between al-Assad from one side, and those like you (Tara, Observer…etc) who want revenge and threaten to wipe all the Alawites out.

The Alawites are fighting not because of al-Assad but more because of ideas like yours…think about it…

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August 7th, 2015, 9:18 pm

 

90. Majedkhaldoun said:

The decision by security council today to identify who is using Chemical Weapons in Syria is a turning point in the Syrian crisis, it is a message to Assad that Russia may abandone Assad, Assad sent Mamlook to Jeddeh to meet KSA officials indicates he is afraid of Russian change of policy toward him , he is again sending Muallem to Moscow, and sent Muallem to Oman, this means he is desperate for a deal.

It appears that the nuclear deal may not.be approved by the congress as Shumer announced his opposition to the deal, the alternative is not war as Obama says

The republican debate deflated Trump

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August 7th, 2015, 9:49 pm

 

91. Syrian said:

Mjabali.
I was taking about the Assadists that you siad do not represent Alawites and you brought the example of Suliman Helal Alassad as a proof of your argument.
We all know that only an Alawie Assadist can kill an Alawi officer on leave from the war in the middle of the street midday in front of his 2 kids over traffic dispute then goes home as nothing happen while no one can dare bringing him to justice,
Those are the type of Assadists that have been ruling Syria for the last 45 years, they hijacked your sect and they are the one plus your denial of them represinting the majority of Alawies who put you between a rock and a hard palce.

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August 7th, 2015, 10:55 pm

 

92. mjabali said:

“Syrian”

No one is denying that there are many criminals amongst the Alawites, when did I told you the opposite? Anti Assad Alawites are calling for Sulayman al-Assad to be hung in al-Sheikhdaher in Latakia for killing the Colonel. By the way, the Alawites are not all “highjacked” by the Assads and their group, as you and many here claim. To justify your failure of bringing them to your side, you ( and many), say “they are highjacked by al-Assad.”

Dear “Syrian” your side never tried to build any bridges with the Alawties.

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August 8th, 2015, 6:30 am

 

93. Liwa al-Sayyida Ruqayya: Recruiting the Shi’a of Damascus said:

[…] via recruiting of natives has already been seen extensively in Hezbollah formations like Quwat al-Ridha, which has recruited from Syrian Shi’a villages like Umm al-Amad in Homs province. Fighters […]

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August 17th, 2015, 3:43 am

 

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