The Syrian Southern Front: Why it Offers Better Justice and Hope than Northern Front” by Marika Sosnowski

MSosnowski-1The Syrian Southern Front: Why it Offers Better Justice and Hope than the Northern”
For Syria Comment – 9 July 2015
by Marika Sosnowski – @mikisosnowski

The coalition of several dozen local insurgent groups, known as ‘the Southern Front’, is consolidating its control in and around Daraa and the Houran Plain in Syria. While the Southern Front is not a cohesive organization but instead an alliance of units that are each individually linked to and funded by the Western- and Arab-backed Military Operations Center (MOC) in Amman, the coalition has in recent months shown itself to be adept in understanding the importance of establishing and maintaining a legitimate and authoritative justice provider. This is because a strong judiciary shows Syrians, and the world, that the Syrian opposition can effectively govern areas under its control. A strong judiciary also makes the Southern Front one of the few viable alternatives to the Assad regime that has emerged from this crisis.

Court_Deraa

Syrian policemen stand in front the burned court building that was set on fire by Syrian anti-government protesters, in the southern city of Daraa, Syria, Monday March 21, 2011. Mourners chanting “No more fear!” have marched through a Syrian city where anti-government protesters had deadly confrontations with security forces in recent days. The violence in Daraa, a city of about 300,000 near the border with Jordan, was fast becoming a major challenge for President Bashar Assad, who tried to contain the situation by freeing detainees and promising to fire officials responsible for the violence. (AP Photo/Hussein Malla)

Around November 2014, financial and military setbacks forced Jabhat al-Nusra, which also has a strong presence in the south, into an alliance with the Southern Front and other Islamists. The alliance consolidated the various Hay’at Al Sharia, or Islamic Justice Committees, that had been operating in the Southern Front’s area of control, into one Dar al-‘Adl known as the Dar al-‘Adl fi al-Hawran, or the Houran Courthouse, which is located in Gharz, southern Syria. Before that, the Islamic Justice Committees of the Southern Front had used a mix of tribal, Islamic, and customary law to maintain order, with some success.

While in many ways the union is borne out of strategic necessity the real difference with the formation of the Dar al-‘Adl is that nearly all the factions seem to back it, whereas the courts in the north are more fragmented and affiliated with smaller sets of armed groups. As such, the northern courts do not command the same authority or legitimacy with Syrians that the southern court seems to be garnering. Additionally, the relative strength of the Southern Front, gained in part through the consistent coordination and backing of the MOC, have enabled the creation of a unified court that includes groups such as al-Nusra and Ahrar al-Sham. The formation of the court draws on lessons learned from the north in seeking to prevent the Islamists from creating their own systems of governance.

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In a display of both military power and good faith, the groups negotiated to appoint sixteen judges to the court. Half were chosen by the Southern Front with al-Nusra appointing four and the remainder selected by other Islamist groups that are part of the alliance, Harakat al-Muthana and Ahrar al-Sham. It is not clear whether the judges are independent or simply members of their respective factions. However, the Courthouse is not wholly religious or civil, following the original Justice Committees by using tribal, Islamic, and customary law to deal with cases common in rebel-held Syria. These include military, criminal, and administrative matters, as well as reconciling disputes involving civilians and armed factions. For example, once the court was established detainees being held by the various factions were handed over to the court for sentencing and detention. The Court also seems to be playing an active mediation role between armed factions, such as the Shohadaa al-Yarmouk Brigade and Jabhat al-Nusra. In the aftermath of a military operation in April to secure the Nasib border crossing with Jordan, the Court was also charged with establishing a judicial committee to record the claims of people affected during the operation.

While each faction would certainly prefer sole-control, the establishment of the Houran Court reflects a necessary practicality. With all sides unable to decisively establish dominance over the others on the battlefield, they have been compelled into compromise. Additionally, the establishment of one main justice provider is part of a pragmatic effort by the Southern Front to win civilian hearts and minds. External backers of the revolution may also see the Court as a relative success story for pragmatism showing that the Syrian opposition can create, ‘a “third way” of local governance that threatens Bashar al-Assad’s depiction of the Syrian opposition movement as extremists and terrorists.’

The effectiveness of the Courthouse in Houran in upholding and enforcing the law is in stark contrast to the situation in the north of Syria. In rebel-held Idlib and Aleppo, many courts have been essentially white-anted by the armed groups or other power brokers in town making it impossible for them to enforce the law. While some courts operating in rebel-held areas, such as those established in the image of armed groups like the Islamic Front’s Aleppo Sharia Court, have the ways and means to enforce their rulings, other courts, such as the Unified Judicial Council that operated until February 2014 in Aleppo and northern Idlib, have little to no ability to implement the law without the support of an armed group.

Additionally, because a cohesive legal structure is essential to effective governance, local communities need to establish and develop one main justice provider (and an associated legal hierarchy) as well as decide on one consistent body of law to deal with legal issues. In Kafr Nobel and Saraqib in northern Idlib province, for example, there are as many as five justice providers including a Sharia Court, the local police force and a Security Committee. Additionally, there is as yet no opposition agreement on whether pre-Ba’athist Syrian Law, the Unified Arab Code or Sharia law should be used to arbitrate disputes. Particularly regarding civil matters, the opinion of local tribal leaders also remains authoritative.

The obstacles that plague the establishment of the rule of law in northern Syria don’t seem to be happening with the Dar al-Adl in the south. Groups have so far honoured the courts decisions including cases of criminal allegations against their own members. The Court also seems to be using a consistent body of law that builds on the work of the Southern Front’s original Justice Committees. However, at this stage, the Court remains firmly wedded to its armed backers.

In wartime, fortunes are won and lost on the battlefield. As the most recent battle for control of Daraa unfolds, it will be interesting to see how military results affect the Southern Front’s relationship with its Islamist partners. If the Southern Front gains militarily, its professed nationalist and democratic agenda could offer new hope for a Syrian opposition that, until relatively recently, was considered by many as either extremist or fratricidal.

*Marika Sosnowski is a Middle East researcher. She has taught the history and politics of the region at a number of universities and is a regular guest on Melbourne radio station Triple R.

End article

News:

Idlib Falling Victim to Systematic Looting

Weeks after the city fell in the hands of rebel groups, Idlib is reportedly witnessing the systematic looting of public and private properties.

In the last few days, a number of activists from the city have been reporting the rising number of incidents involving the theft of state institutions and private assets alike.

In an interview on an opposition-affiliated radio, Ghazwan Qronfol, the head of the Free Syrian Lawyers Assembly, said, for instance, that members of the armed opposition groups had stolen hundreds of passenger cars and looted the private homes of many residents of the city, in particular those considered wealthy.

Other activists have also reported that public assets stolen have included the warehouse of the agricultural directorate of the city as well as the equipment of the Olive Bureau, the body in charge of monitoring the country’s olive sector and that is affiliated to the Ministry of Agriculture.

Also, machinery and equipment at the Idlib Spinning Plant, a large factory employing thousands of people, are reported to have been stolen.

Other parts of northern Syria that were taken over by opposition groups in the last three years have already been largely victim of chaos, theft and looting. Aleppo’s city, for instance, has seen the looting of hundreds of its plants.

However, many had hoped that Idlib would not face the same fate because of warnings by civil society groups and statements by rebel leaders that the same mistakes would not be repeated.

The chaos engulfing the city, however, raises again the case of the incapacity of the opposition to administer areas that fall outside the control of the regime.

The Syrian regime lost Idlib at the end of March after only a few days after the beginning of an offensive led by the Nusra Front and other radical Islamist groups.

At the time, the issue of how the city would be administered was raised and the National Coalition, the main non-military grouping of the opposition had asked rebel groups to protect private and public properties, to preserve the state’s institutions and ensure that they continued operating normally “to prove to the world that Syrians are capable of managing their country properly.”

While activists are making their anger increasingly heard on social media, there haven’t been yet reports of an opposition on the ground to the behaviour of the armed groups.

In addition to the prevailing lawlessness, the city faced a systematic bombing from the Syrian air force as soon as it fell outside the hands of the regime.

In a scenario that is reminiscent of many similar events in the last few years, the actions of the regime and of armed rebel groups have combined to make life unsustainable in the so-called “liberated” areas.

Comments (125)


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101. Akbar Palace said:

The sanctions, while they did hurt Iran, did not manage to stop it. Iran’s nuclear program was progressing.

Hopeful,

The sanctions were working FINE! That is what was keeping the Iranians at the table. The US should have walked away. Civil unrest there was brewing just like, er, the “arab spring”.

Because there is no other option to slow down Iran’s nuclear weapon agenda.

Tell that to the Israelis, who, w/o gloating, destroyed 2 nuclear reactors. Tell that to Kaddafi, who “scared straight” by, er, GWB. The US has crusie missiles. Piece of cake Hopeful.

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July 15th, 2015, 2:48 pm

 

102. Majedkhaldoun said:

Obama was asked , what if Iran cheated, Obama answered we go back to sanction,
I am surprised Obama who is a lawyer, let Iran takes advantage of his naive thinking, by then Iran would have got back the 120 billion dollar, it seems Obama has no intention ever to use the military against Iran, it is either sanction or nothing,
So what would Iran lose if they cheat again, they certainly will win the 120 billion dollar,
Republicans should take advantage of naive Obama,
As for Syria, he said it is so complex, that means he has no solution, even that the solution is very simple, just like Iran and Russia is arming Assad, he could have allowed KSA to arm the rebels with anti aircraft missiles, Obama is not telling the truth about Syria

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July 15th, 2015, 3:17 pm

 

103. Akbar Palace said:

Countdown to Next President: 1 year 7 months, 23 days, 12 hours, 34 minutes 12…11…10 seconds NewZ

Republicans should take advantage of naive Obama

American people do not understand the implications.

Obama is not telling the truth about Syria.

The truth is, Obama is a commie-traitor. His ideology is simple: everyone should have the same income. It all flows from that 1 idea. Defense spending keeps the US from writing checks to the disadvantaged. Oh, BTW, increase the minimum wage and bring in more illegal aliens so we can give them money too.

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July 15th, 2015, 4:13 pm

 

104. SimoHurtta said:

The Obama-Iran deal will continue this false hope, and therefore, will bring more violence. Unfortunately.

Akbar don’t be laughable. Behind the treaty is not simply “Obama” or even USA. There are EU, Russia, China etc behind the agreement and those world powers want it to happen NOW. Believing that USA agreed to the treaty because it wanted is somewhat hilarious. Obama and those in power knew perfectly well Israel’s and Gulf royals’s attitude, but they knew also the power behind those who want to do business with Iran. EU, Russia, China, India etc do want peace and development to the center of Eurasia, even some nuts in Israel, USA and Gulf states do want new wars. EU already has to face the pressure of millions refugees on its borders and a spreading ring of chaos and instability. Ukraine collapsing with its 46 million population and Persian Gulf in flames would lead to …

Behind this Israel’s “attitude” are a couple Sunni “royal-states” built on sand. What is funny is that Israel doesn’t offer the “Sunnis” a real solution with what can be done to Iran besides their normal Gaza-treatment medicine = isolation and destroying in intervals. Not even the Sunni royals are so stupid that they do not understand that what Israel offers them is JEWISH DOMINATION for the region. Even in best scenario for Israel the Sunnis know that after Iranian “problem” they have to solve their “Jewish problem” with its existing nukes and chemical weapons. And “Sunnis” know that Israeli power vanishes totally the day the west is forced to end its support. Akbar the majority of Palestinians are Sunnis and Saudi Arabia and others are forced sooner or later again face that reality.

Iran has nearly as much students now on higher education level than in Israel live permanently Jews. And of those in that education level the majority are women. Iran is a big nation with huge resources and relative well educated and ambitious people. Iran is the potential Germany of Middle East. For Saudi Arabian elite the development ambition seems to be limited besides oil drilling and spreading wahhabism to camel racing and falcon hunting.

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July 15th, 2015, 5:00 pm

 

105. Hopeful said:

#101 Akbar Palace

I respectfully disagree. The sanctions did bring Iran to the table, but did not slow down its progress towards getting a bomb.

Had a deal not been reached, Iran would have continued to build its bomb, and the only option remaining was going to be war.

The region does not need another war, the U.S. does not need to be involved in another war in the Middle East, and Obama was elected as president to focus on the economy and limit the US’s heavy-handed involvement overseas. That is exactly what he did. What he is doing with Iran is the same as what Nixon did with China, and the same as what Reagan did with the Soviets: engage.

The deal may not be good for the Israelis, it may not be good for the Saudis, it may not be good for the Syrian oppositions (unfortunately), but it is the right thing to do for Americans, the west and Iran.

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July 15th, 2015, 6:51 pm

 

106. Hopeful said:

# 103 Akbar Palace

I am surprised to see you lose your cool. Your contributions so far have mostly been constructive, civil and factual. I am not used to you making sweeping generalizations and accusations like this. I am being honest and do not mean to attack you.

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July 15th, 2015, 7:01 pm

 

107. Majedkhaldoun said:

Hopeful said the nuclear deal is the right thing for America and the west
Can you explain how strong terrorist country like Iran ,lead by untrustworthy Mullas be the right thing for the US?

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July 15th, 2015, 7:18 pm

 

108. Akbar Palace said:

I respectfully disagree. The sanctions did bring Iran to the table, but did not slow down its progress towards getting a bomb.

Hopeful,

Thanks for being respectful. That’s always a good starting point. To be honest then, ur opinion is the same as PM of Israel. I think BB’S message was eroded, because for the past 10 yrs., he was saying Iran was months away from getting the bomb.

My point is whether Iran is 10 months or 10 years away from getting the bomb, the US should also continue pressuring Iran with sanctions and coordinating military action with allies.

Had a deal not been reached, Iran would have continued to build its bomb, and the only option remaining was going to be war.

We’re already at war with Iran. Let’s be real. When a country is a threat with nuclear weapons, you simply destroy their nuclear facilities. The US had the largest military spending in the world. Use it.

The region does not need another war, the U.S. does not need to be involved in another war in the Middle East, and Obama was elected as president to focus on the economy and limit the US’s heavy-handed involvement overseas. That is exactly what he did. What he is doing with Iran is the same as what Nixon did with China, and the same as what Reagan did with the Soviets: engage.

Reagan stood up to Gorbachev, continued with Star Wars funding and the USSR imploding. I want a similar strategy with Iran. Donald Trump tonight on Fox News correctly summed up Obama’s negotiating acumen as “the Ameteur Hour”.

The deal may not be good for the Israelis, it may not be good for the Saudis, it may not be good for the Syrian oppositions (unfortunately), but it is the right thing to do for Americans, the west and Iran.

Correct, the deal insures continued violence in the Middle East. You think this agreement will prevent war, I say this agreement will broaden wars and make Iran a die t threat to Europe and the US. Iran will now get a nuclear weapon after the agreement term ends next decade.

Sorry I lost my cool. I’m human. I’m not a robot.

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July 15th, 2015, 10:53 pm

 

109. Hopeful said:

#107 MajedKhaldoun

I did not say “Iran” is the right thing for the US, I said a “deal” with Iran is the right thing for the US.

The US wants to stop Iran from having the bomb. They have three options: impose sanctions, bomb Iran, or try a deal. While sanctions were imposed, Iran continued to develop the bomb, so that option is out. Bombing Iran is not a good option, as it will drag the US into another war in the Middle East. The only option left is a deal. It is the right thing.

Regional powers – without exceptions – would love to drag the US into their messy conflicts, fight their wars, and then complain about it. Everyone talks about how the US screwed up in Afghanistan, Lebanon, Iraq, etc. The war in Iraq benefited Isreal, Iran, Turkey, the Kurds, and the new Iraqi politicAl elite, but it was a disaster for the US and a disaster for Iraq. The “right thing” for the US is to avoid a similar disaster in Iran – something that would benefit regional powers but would be bad for the US and bad for Iran.

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July 16th, 2015, 2:12 am

 

110. Hopeful said:

#108 Akbar Palace

“The US has the largest military in the world. Use it”

Using its military in Iraq for decades only led to a disaster. General Zinni wrote a book years ago in which he explained the costs that the US had to bear in its efforts to impose sanctions and no-fly zones on Iraq during the 90’s. At the end, the US had to either invade Iraq or leave it alone. “Containing” Saddam by imposing sanctions to try to prevent him from acquiring WMD was not working, Bombing him did not work either. At the end, they had to go in and take him out. Iraqis are still suffering the consequences. There is a limit to what the US can accomplish with its military power. Israel can also learn these lessons IMHO.

“Reagan stood up to Gorbachev, continued the Star Wars funding….”

In my opinion, Obama is doing the exact same thing. Obama never stops criticizing Iran on every issue: terrorism, domestic human rights, stand against Israel, etc. Reagan signed nuclear treaties with the USSR. Reagan showed the Russians that he is respectful of their nation and civilization. Reagan pulled the rug from underneath the Soviet leaders, who used the argument that the “evil empire” – the US – is out to get them. The USSR collapsed partially because once the external threat argument is eliminated, the leaders of the USSR could no longer give excuses to their people as to why they should continue a broken system. Every president before Reagan stood up to the soviet leaders, but Reagan was the first to engage them. He did not bomb the USSR’s nuclear facilities – he proposed and signed treaties to reduce and contain them.

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July 16th, 2015, 2:36 am

 

111. ALAN said:

Asghar
The answer can be as the research conclusion after focusing on, and follow the interests and activity of global Zionism.
Unfortunately, you are still talking about bringing more violence and suffering.
keep in mind that, I am not fit to receive stuffing tactics into the consciousness.

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July 16th, 2015, 3:55 am

 

112. Majedkhaldoun said:

Allan
This deal is bad for the whole free world including US , US is empowering. Terrorist country , ruled by Mullas, providing Iran with 120billion dollar and lifting sanction that will bring much more money to Iran , Iran will use most of these monies to support terrorism and ignite fights in the Middle East and in the world , this is not in any way good to the US, on the other side weakening Iran , by keeping the sanction will limit Iran ability to ignite wars and spread terrorism that what is good deal
Obama rewarded terrorists , do we expect him next to reward North Korea? Yes, do we expect him to make deals with ISIS ? Yes
Comparing Obama to Reagan is wrong, Reagan defeated the Soviet Union, not true that he made a deal with the Soviet Union
If you trust Iran to behave good in the international arena, you may trust a thief to protect your money, or a murderer to guard your kids, past behavior should tell about future, Iran will give more money to the criminal Assad to kill Syrians, If that what you support then say it, and please do not tell me that is not going to happen
As for developing bomb, Iran in this deal is guaranteed making bomb in the next decade, so how is this deal will prevent Iran from such thing?, you are making it O.K. For Iran to get the bomb in the future, a decade from now, that is a major mistake

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July 16th, 2015, 6:53 am

 

113. ALAN said:

The “Free world” is that trimmer, unjust, corrupt, old, which occurred in the bondage of its interests.
How you see the “free world” rulers bow down in front of their benefits from the GCC over and over ?
Shame on the US government to be in bed with KSA rulers. the “free world” is tweaking and turn around the money! Mating with all the demons of the world in order to get more and more benefits and gains.

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July 16th, 2015, 8:37 am

 

114. Akbar Palace said:

At the end, they had to go in and take him out. Iraqis are still suffering the consequences. There is a limit to what the US can accomplish with its military power. Israel can also learn these lessons IMHO.

Hopeful,

I understand what you’re saying. The US and Israel both have to think long and hard about the use of military force against an enemy country.

I think what we have seen is that a “rogue”, autocratically run country with WMD, that exports terrorism needs to be sanctioned by the UN and the world community. If any of these countries comes close to attaining nuclear weapons, their nuclear facilities should be destroyed. Plain and simple.

Whether ground troops or regime change is necessary may no longer be important. What you have suggested, “There is a limit to what the US can accomplish with its military power. Israel can also learn these lessons IMHO.”, is definitely true. In the end, these countries like Iraq, Syria, etc, have to be able to defend their own country.

In this case, the US could provide weapons for self defense assuming there are militias and armies who are up to the challenge and are not more of the same.

In the case of Iran, the sanctions WERE working, Iran was growing desperate, and the military option to destroy their nuclear facilities should have been used by this time. Obama is an appeaser. His speech in Egypt won him no friends and only made him look week. His negotiations with Iran are making him look orders of magnitude weaker. We are now basically waiting for the next president to stop Iran’s march to nuclear weapons and control of the entire ME. You can easily predict the inspections not working and disagreements popping up all the time. Iran has been given a green light to acquire nuclear weapons. Everyone is now in danger.

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July 16th, 2015, 8:48 am

 

115. omen said:

finally found the cite i early referenced:

The defected colonel said all the airplanes seized or destroyed by rebels, do not form more than 10% of the air-force of the regime, as it has almost 500 military airplanes and 150 helicopter.

Syrian regime has 29 airports, and the most powerful one is alsin Airport, and Domair airport, both of them situated to the East of Damascus. T4 and Shoairat airports, to the East of Homs come next in importance and strength, according to Abo Nidal .

The Colonel advised that best way to disable the power of the airports is to cut fuel supply, although it is difficult task, but still the easiest way to put the airports and regime’s air-forces out of service.

In regard to deep loyalty of the pilots to regime, the defected Colonel explained that most pilots (80%) of them are from Alawite sect. He mentioned that they demanded their commanders to allow them to hit the demonstrations from the beginning of the Syrian revolution, therefore, the colonel realized that bombing and targeting civilians is inevitable, that pushed him to defect to protect himself from being a partner in killing Syrians.

regime pilots knew they were killing unarmed civilians. were even eager to do so. will loyalists ever apologize or even bother to offer regret? or will they go to their graves feeling justified in their hatred?

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July 16th, 2015, 8:58 am

 

116. Hopeful said:

#114 Akbar Palace

“In the case of Iran, the sanctions WERE working, Iran was growing desperate, and the military option to destroy their nuclear facilities should have been used by this time.”

Obama has no mandate from the American public to bomb Iran. After the Iraqi fiasco, Americans want to stay away from involvement in the Middle East. He faced hell when he proposed an even simpler engagement – limited bombing of Assad’s troops when they USED chemical weapons, and both the US public AND congress raised hell.

You call him weak, I call him pragmatic. He inherited a mess of a country from Bush, and fixed it.

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July 16th, 2015, 12:00 pm

 

117. Akbar Palace said:

Hopeful,

You win, 5 to 1.

I will shelve this issue and see where we are with it in the years to come.

If the ME is more peaceful. I’ll buy you some baklava and Turkish coffee.

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July 16th, 2015, 10:36 pm

 

118. omen said:

116. Hopeful

Obama has no mandate

speaking of mandates, a no-fly zone has long held majority support yet obama refuses to implement one.

as usual, special interest agenda trumps popular sentiment.

He faced hell when he proposed an even simpler engagement

he faced hell when he went back on his word when he had established a red line against gassing civilians. obama shredded his own credibility. what’s admirable about that?

You call him weak, I call him pragmatic.

on what universe is green-lighting genocide “pragmatic”?

whose side are you on, Hope?

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July 16th, 2015, 10:46 pm

 

119. Hopeful said:

#117 Akbar Palace

I am happy to buy you baklava and Turkish coffee anytime – no ifs and buts! 🙂

I am in the Bay Area first two weeks of August, and in NY for a week afterwards. If you are in any of these two locations, we can make that happen!

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July 17th, 2015, 5:13 am

 

120. Akbar Palace said:

he faced hell when he went back on his word when he had established a red line against gassing civilians.

He sure did. BTW, Hopeful, the only person who got a “mandate” was GWB going into Iraq. If u recall, the mandate was UNSC 1441 AND the US Congress including Hilary Clinton.

All the US has to do is give the GOI the red light to destroy Iran’s nuke sites. They did it in Iraq and Syria, all they would need is bunker busters.

Iran will be a nuke power next decade. Obama should be locked up. I’m serious.

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July 17th, 2015, 8:08 am

 

121. ALAN said:

SIMOHURTTA
Various political forces in the United States are trying to distort the essence of the agreement on the Iranian nuclear program, and most importantly – Israel and Saudi Arabia are going to continue to try to keep Iran on the outskirts of the regional policy, no matter what the agreement signed with the Islamic Republic of the United States.
The main argument of “champions of truth” for the Israeli and Saudi money in the ensuing heated discussion is the argument that even economically weakened, Iran has managed to achieve considerable influence in the Middle East, some aggressive military hegemony it has become, when all restrictions will be removed from it?
Not Iran, but the above two states differ adequately large budgets for the purchase of weapons and, above all, Teheran is most interested in the economic development, but not in a senseless war that almost engulfed the region. The irony lies in the fact that the White House is careful that his opponents did not deceive him, not noticing it as so-called allies twist them at their own discretion. It turns out that this is not Washington refused to unfounded accusations against the Iranian people, and dealt a blow to its satellites, which now require “moral compensation
Truly turning Iran, long-term, into a functioning member of the global community, not just with its benefits but with its responsibilities and obligations, might be the only real plan that allows the Iranian people, long-studied and long-documented as perhaps the most democratically-knowledgeable and democratically-aspiring people within the Muslim world, to finally reconstruct its own society in a manner that fundamentally changes the nature and the dynamic of the region.

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July 17th, 2015, 9:39 am

 

122. omen said:

can someone warn the moderator the edit feature that allows us to fix mistakes after publishing comment is not working? thank you.

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July 17th, 2015, 10:56 am

 

123. omen said:

little kids enjoying obama’s pragmatism.

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July 17th, 2015, 7:48 pm

 

124. omen said:

where is michael jackson? i miss seeing his posts. hope it wasn’t something i said :/

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July 20th, 2015, 8:54 am

 

125. ALAN said:

Done by american planers!
30 killed (KURDS?), 100 injured(KURDS?) as blast hits Turkey(KURDS?) border town near Syria
http://www.presstv.ir/Detail/2015/07/20/421062/Turkey-blast

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July 20th, 2015, 12:26 pm

 

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