The Suwayda village of Dama and Druze Militias: A Case Study

Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi

I have previously written about Druze militias in Suwayda province and other areas of southern Syria here and here. To summarize briefly the conclusion of those studies, it is clear that ‘Jaysh al-Muwahhideen’ (‘Army of the Monotheists/Unitarians’) and ‘Forces of Abu Ibrahim’ are banners for Druze militias of mainly pro-Assad orientation, working with regime forces via ‘Popular Committees’ that had been set up in coordination with the regular Syrian army; further, the boundaries are not always so clear cut between these militias/banner names and organized regime forces. Indeed, many of the localities where these Druze militia banners are advertised are also identifiable sources of recruits for the Syrian army and the National Defence Force (NDF: an evolution from Popular Committees). Unfortunately though, Wikipedia, in attempting to summarize my work, erroneously presents ‘Jaysh al-Muwahhideen’ as a coherent military group spanning localities.

In any event, I present the northern Suwayda province village of Dama as a new case study into the use of the banner ‘Jaysh al-Muwahhideen’ for Druze militias: around a month ago (16 August), the locality came under attack from rebel forces, subsequently being occupied by them. These rebels were purportedly from Jabhat al-Nusra, though it should be noted that the source for this claim is regime sourcing and so of course the attack will be ascribed to Jabhat al-Nusra, considering that there is no Islamic State presence in Deraa or Suwayda provinces. The locality was reportedly recaptured from rebel forces in less than 24 hours, albeit with some casualties among the Druze locals. A ‘Jaysh al-Muwahhideen’ activist source gives the following ‘martyrs’ list for the “Battle of Dama” (this list also contains ‘martyrs’ for a battle in a nearby locality called Deir Dama):


To translate, the names of the ‘martyrs’ for Dama are:

Sheikh Danial Yusuf al-Shabali (Jaysh al-Muwahhideen)
Sheikh Yamin Sa’adu Hamsho (Jaysh al-Muwahhideen)
Sheikh Ihab Salman Azzam (Jaysh al-Muwahhideen)
Sheikh Rami Salam al-Khatib (Jaysh al-Muwahhideen)
Nuris Sa’id al-Safidi (Popular Committees)
Milad Jayid al-Safidi (Popular Committees)
Adham Ammar Faraj (Popular Committees)
Naji Saleh Abu Shaqra (Popular Committees)
Adham Saber al-Jaramani (Popular Committees)

Here also are photos of some of those mentioned above:

Sheikh Yamin Sa’adu Hamsho

Sheikh Danial al-Shabali

Adham Ammar Faraj, said to be from the Suwayda village of Ghariya

Nuris Sa’id al-Safidi

Adham Saber al-Jaramani

Pro-regime TV claims a variety of forces who helped to recapture Dama from the rebels, including Popular Defence Committees, the Ba’ath Brigades and the Syrian army. Of interest though is the ‘Jaysh al-Muwahhideen’ graphic above that distinguishes ‘martyrs’ according to ‘Jaysh al-Muwahhideen’ or the ‘Popular Committees’. According to this source in an interview with me, the distinction made between the ‘Jaysh al-Muwahhideen’ and the Popular Committees is as follows:

“Jaysh al-Muwahhideen is composed of mashayakh [Druze sheikhs] protecting the land, honor and religion against every attacker- whoever he may be- and is independent. Popular Committees are composed of families supporting the army.”

This re-affirms a familiar line of the Druze militia narrative of strict self-defence and repelling anyone who infringes on Druze land- regime-affiliated or rebel. It should also be noted that on the day of the attack on Dama, Druze militias under a variety of names in Suwayda province (Jabal al-Arab) issued a statement under a Jaysh al-Muwahhideen umbrella banner:

“Jaysh al-Muwahhideen in Syria announces general mobilization and all targets in the line of its fire, and warns that any operations within Jabal al-Arab will be met with a severe response and without mercy.

– Saraya Sultan al-Atrash
– Kata’ib Abu Ibrahim
– Saraya al-Jabal
– Special Forces: Jabal Commandoes
– Saraya Souria al-Assad
– Kata’ib al-Tawheed”

What to make of the testimony relayed regarding the ‘Popular Committees/Jaysh al-Muwahhideen’ distinction? It may make sense here at the local level of the village of Dama and the surrounding area: that is, perhaps Druze mashayakh in Dama have organized their own ‘Jaysh al-Muwahhideen’ militia intended only for local mashayakh and without help in the first place from the Syrian army. Yet in practice the distinction is meaningless, because there is no evidence of concern about the regime infringing on Druze land in Dama. The natural result is that there will be close coordination with regime forces- in the form of the Syrian army with the Popular Committees- to repel attacks on the area, which will for the foreseeable future be the work of rebels trying to bring Suwayda province out of government control. This translates to an Assad-aligned orientation, which is in fact apparent from the source I interviewed anyway. In short, the case study of Dama reinforces the conclusions from the earlier studies mentioned above.

Comments (89)

ghufran said:

This article is relevant because it reminds readers why most Syrians chose to either support the regime or stay on the fence.
the opposition lied to Syrians and the international community when it claimed that the rebels it supports are there to protect Syrians and bring freedom and democracy, instead people realized that the foreign-funded armed rebellion was targeting minorities and using the same methods that caused the uprising in the first place, on top of that most rebel leaders, and rebels of course, were proven to be thieves and religious zealots.
I do not know if there was ever a revolution but I know for sure that there is none today, Druze have the right to protect their villages and towns from the new islamonazis.

September 19th, 2014, 1:24 pm


ALAN said:

We understand from this article there is a shift in the theater of operations towards the southern front with Israel and American bases in Jordan, Damascus is the goal!

September 19th, 2014, 6:44 pm


Syrialover said:

Article: Jihad Janes are the most despicable type of women


“It would be almost comical if it wasn’t so dangerous: armed, self-righteous and overzealous women feeling they are somehow “better” than others.

“The women pose fully covered, holding guns and rifles, wearing explosive belts, and then share these photos on social media. Somehow they feel this makes them look empowered and strong. Women are becoming ISIL’s worst and most ruthless weapons.

“It is sad to see all this as obviously none of these women have read about the real and respected Muslim women of history, real warriors like Umm Umarah.

“These ISIL members, both women and men, have truly demeaned Islam and its pillars and core. Who allowed them to “fix” the world and kill anyone who doesn’t agree with them?”

September 20th, 2014, 6:48 am


Ghufran said:

Payback time:
(CNN) – Dozens of Turkish hostages abducted by Islamist militants in northern Iraq were freed Saturday after three months in captivity.

Turkey is actively helping Isis terrorists in Kurdish areas in northern Syria

September 20th, 2014, 9:47 am


ALAN said:

firstly –
Much like Al Qaeda, the Islamic State (ISIS) is made-in-the-USA, an instrument of terror designed to divide and conquer the oil-rich Middle East and to counter Iran’s growing influence in the region.

The fact that the United States has a long and torrid history of backing terrorist groups will surprise only those who watch the news and ignore history.

While the Islamic State group is getting the most attention now, another band of extremists in Syria – a mix of hardened jihadis from Afghanistan, Yemen, Syria and Europe – poses a more direct and imminent threat to the United States, working with Yemeni bomb-makers to target US aviation, American officials said.
US: Al-Qaeda’s Syrian cell poses more imminent threat than IS
American officials fear Khorasan group, who is recruiting Europeans, Americans in Syria, will use these recruits to sneak explosives onto US-bound flights.,7340,L-4573071,00.html

Conclusion: I leave it to you to present!

September 20th, 2014, 3:54 pm


omen said:

is there something about the UK that breeds vicious women?? #isis

September 20th, 2014, 5:37 pm


omen said:

that’d be funny if no one wrong & everyone was right.

September 20th, 2014, 5:39 pm


Hopeful said:

#6 Alan

So, you do consider Hamas a terrorist organization?

Unless of course, you did not read the article you just posted! The article makes the claim that Turkey and Qatar are supporters of terrorism because they back Hamas politically and financially.

September 21st, 2014, 12:41 am


ALAN said:

No, I read the article. It is ironic that the alliance of the Gulf and the Turkish with Israel, which was adopted on terrorism diverse industry,
Today reaches to the difference between them. Israel appears to be a strong ally with the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, which in turn varies with Qatar
Generally Israel a terrorist state transcontinental and is occupied Palestine. Hamas, a Palestinian organization under occupation and there is no room for any discussion of assessment was based as long as the occupation continuing..

September 21st, 2014, 2:57 am


Syrialover said:


Remember to keep in your head that Putin is making efforts to be friends with Israel.

Also that Bashar Assad has a very feeble record on standing up to Israel, failing to respond to any of its provocations on Syria.

I worry you are missing important facts while your head is stuck in the “Conspiracy Gazette” reading fantasies about a love affair between the Saudis and Israel.

September 21st, 2014, 10:54 am


Elian said:

I am still waiting for the hallow words of Hillary and Kerry that Assad days are numbered.
It seems the only ones days who are numbered are the american, french, brits, officials. hahaha

September 21st, 2014, 12:07 pm



ASSAD has turned Syria into a hell. This is what he meant when he use to say:


But maybe he could not imagine that the syrian people could resist and be so brave. He forgot that years of repression and fear have created tons of bravery and heroism.

I hope after one year Assad is hanging from a crane in the Ommayad Square. And people will probably shout:


September 21st, 2014, 12:59 pm


ghufran said:

There is no reason to support rebels today unless your goal is to destroy what is left of Syria. Billions of $ spent by NATO, GCC and Turkey to topple the regime but what we got instead was a country on the verge of collapse, 3 million refugees and twice as many internal refugees, but some of you are still singing the thawrajiyyeh song as if there are any thawrajiyyeh left.
Supporting rebels today simply means supporting Nusra and ISIS because these two terrorist organizations are the main fighting forces in the South, in Hama reef, around Damascus, in Aljazeera and even in large parts in Aleppo and Idleb, so every time you hear a thawrajee or a web site (like akslaser)talk about Thuwwar they are really describing terrorist groups but do not want to say it publically for fear of being labelled as terrorists sympathizers. What some of you are doing here is a form of Taqiyya, pretending to be somebody other than yourself, thawrajiyyeh who are not practicing Taqiyya have publically stated that they would rather support or tolerate ISIS and Nusra instead of making peace with the regime and Syrians who chose (wisely)not to support rebels, this is why civilian areas in Damascus and Aleppo are being shelled almost daily by those rebels who know very well that most of their victims will by average citizens, typically Sunni civilians, but they do it any way because they believe that Syrians who did not revolt or used violence in support of rebels are traitors who should be punished !!
ما بدهن النظام و لا المسيحيين و لا الكرد و لا الشيعه و لا العلويين و لا الشرق و لا الغرب و لا العلمانيين بدهن سوريا تصير مزرعه لعرب المعز و لصوص اردوغان

September 21st, 2014, 2:54 pm


Syrialover said:


Your words read more and more like a cut and paste from a Dr Bouthaina Shaaban script (Dr B.S. Assad’s desperate media official and the ugliest woman in the world, inside and out.)

I also noted your comment above: “I do not know if there was ever a revolution [in Syria]”

You must have been taking the longest bathroom break in history in 2011-2013 and missed it.

September 21st, 2014, 5:34 pm


ALAN said:

According to available data, today members of IS executed 15 prisoners volunteers from Peshmerga, including girls
In the province of Aleppo, near the town of Ain ​​Arab continued heavy fighting squads of Kurdish self defense with groups ISIS.
As a result of the fighting, according to the UN, the border with Turkey have already crossed 70 thousand Kurds. Wishing to escape from the Islamists much more. At border crossings got a huge number of people. According to some estimates, between those who have not received permission to enter Turkey, and the Turkish border clashes have already occurred.

17. GHUFRAN ما بصح الى الصحيح

September 21st, 2014, 6:34 pm


ALAN said:
A former Marine Corps Commandant told an audience that President Obama’s strategy to defeat Islamic State militants doesn’t have a “snowball’s chance in hell” of succeeding.

Speaking at a conference in Washington, General James Conway, who served as the 34th Commandant of the Marine Crops at the end of the Bush administration and beginning of the Obama administration, said that he was skeptical that the U.S. had reliable ground forces in Iraq, the Daily Caller reported Friday.

September 21st, 2014, 6:40 pm


ALAN said:

Writer Haluk Gerger:
ISIS fighting the Kurds on behalf of Turkey
Turkey has no problem with ISIS. This is the point that must be dwelt upon.” “Turkey’s Middle Eastern policy has two facets. Firstly, originating as an appendage of American strategy; secondly, its own special issue, the Kurdish question. It is not possible to understand Turkey’s Middle Eastern policy without grasping these two points. The result created by being an appendage of American strategy is reflected in Turkey being influenced by the Sunni axis America has tried to create in the last period. This is the basis of Turkey’s relations with opposition armed groups such as Al Nusra, Free Syrian Army or ISIS. But this does not explain it fully. We need to come on to the second dimension, the Kurdish question. US attacks on Iran and Syria have opened the way for Turkey, particularly on account of Rojava, to make a military intervention in Syria, which suits Turkey’s Kurdish strategy. Establishing relations with opposition groups in Syria suited Turkey because the Syrian opposition was opposed to the Kurds, due to their being Arab nationalists. They were an element of pressure on the Kurds in Rojava as far as Turkey was concerned. ISIS and other groups waged and are waging a proxy war against the Kurds on Turkey’s behalf, something Turkey could not do directly.”

September 21st, 2014, 6:53 pm


Hopeful said:

#17 Ghufran

I can also construct a very reasonable argument that starts with the following:

“There is no reason to support the Assad regime today unless your goal is to destroy what is left of Syria…..”

When a company is in crisis, the puck with the CEO. Same with a country. Assad and his cronies mismanaged the crisis from day one, and continue to do so. People need to start talking about alternatives.

September 22nd, 2014, 10:11 am


ALAN said:

US policy has an Alice in Wonderland absurdity about it, everything being the opposite of what it appears to be. The so-called “coalition of the willing” is, in practice, very unwilling to fight IS, while those hitherto excluded, such as Iran, the Syrian government, Hezbollah and the PKK, are the ones actually fighting. A truce between the government and moderate rebels in Syria would enable both to devote their resources to fighting IS, as they need to do quickly if they are to avoid defeat.

September 22nd, 2014, 3:47 pm


ALAN said:

Tens of thousands of Kurds have been forced to leave Kobane due to savage ISIS attacks. Why the U.S are continuing be very silent on the matter. What’s this? Is it the norm for Washington?There is no oil in Kobanî? There are no American interests? Can be hundreds of thousands to flee from their villages or die?
The United States a country without morals

September 22nd, 2014, 4:13 pm


Syrialover said:


As always, your clear thinking provides a refreshing and nutritious contrast to the sinister nonsense people post here.

Thank you for persisting on this forum. It helps me stay hopeful.

September 22nd, 2014, 7:07 pm


Ghufran said:

USAF started bombing Isis in Raqqa

September 22nd, 2014, 10:25 pm



ASAD is a stupid dumb. Syria is being bombarded and syrian being killed and he can do anything. Just empty words.

F Y Assad. I hope USAF bombs Assad HQ too.

September 23rd, 2014, 1:13 am



The masked men of Assad, Iran and Rusia are being crushed in Raqqa. FSA as been saved in extremis.

Iran, Putin and Assad may not be very happy about what´s happening tonight.

Houthis and Ansar Allah in Yemen must be the following hit for the US – Arab coallition.

September 23rd, 2014, 2:01 am


ALAN said:

Enough of this farce! This i a blatant aggression on Syria! ISIS Is Controlled By The U.S. And NATO!
The United States has sown some very bitter seeds in recent years. Unfortunately, there will be a day when they all are forced to reap the bitter harvest.
It is time to change Putin’s calculations, and Syria is the place to do it.
After repeating the tired, disproven, and borderline idiotic propaganda of Assad’s alleged “chemical weapons attacks,” “killing his own people,” and “barrel bombs,” Slaughter attempts to cover up what is nothing more than a geopolitical strategy as a humanitarian issue.

September 23rd, 2014, 2:15 am



After killing hundreds of thousands of syrians, in some cases using chemical weaponry, let TNT barrels rain around sunni and Christian Syria, now Assad is watching how his nice puppet IS is being crushed.

Sorry Assad and Putin, you thought you were very intelligent but at the end only IRAN will get some beneffit while Russia and Assad slowly fall.

September 23rd, 2014, 2:33 am


Hopeful said:

Here are my conclusions from the latest developments:

1. The US is serious about fighting global Jihadi terrorism. Assad’s regime is not!

2. When it comes to fighting terrorism, Russia is a terrible Ally. If Assad cannot fight ISIS in Raqqa, why couldn’t the Russians help? Why aren’t they the ones flying missions over al-Raqqa?

3. By making sure Iran is not a part of the action, the US has proven that they finally understand the sensitivities of the Arab psyche. Sunni terrorism must be fought by Sunni countries.

4. The US has proven that they indeed are trying to prevent the region from falling into a major sectarian conflict. Regional powers and governments, specifically the Assad regime, are doing the opposite.

5. Turkey has proven to be an unreliable ally.

6. The gulf states’ governments are showing they are serious about fighting Sunni radicalism. However, there is plenty to be done still about the people’s attitudes in these states.

7. The future belongs to peoples and countries who recognize (as the west has done 60 years ago) that today’s nations can only survive and compete if freedom and democratic principles guide them, not brutal dictators or blind religion. Compare states like South Korea and Brazil to states like North Korea and Iran.

Now, let me see all these thumb downs from Regime apologists and conspiracy theorists.

September 23rd, 2014, 3:43 am


ALAN said:

* America made ​​and financed and trained and employs global terrorism.
* Russia helped and helping Syria and Iraq and it is serious about ending of US-Saudi funded terrorism.
* Sunni terrorism is a part of a rotten strategy of the White House.
* America can fight Sunni terrorism, when it conflicts with their interests and not for love others
* The United States actually published the seeds of hatred and terrorism in Syria, Iraq, Libya, Yemen, Nigeria and so on…
* Turkey is a functional US pupet.
* The gulf states’ governments are showing they are serious about fighting Sunni radicalism by Bla Bla Bla… , and under the table do all immorality and criminality in the financing of murder and destruction arab nations.
and after all your rubbish, THUMBS DOWN.

September 23rd, 2014, 6:23 am


Syrialover said:

ALAN, give up. You can’t compete with HOPEFUL.

Do you honestly believe anybody would accept the preposterous, bizarre fantasies you dump here?

But I think your game might be something else.

Your post #32 makes me suspect you are a hoaxer, busy entertaining yourself. You are trying to make a comedy fake version of the “Conspiracy Gazette”.

September 23rd, 2014, 7:57 am


ALAN said:

33. SYRIALOVER: keep sleeping.
روسيا: السفينة “سموم” مزودة بنظام دفاع جوي صاروخي مضاد للطائرات والصواريخ المجنحة من طراز كروز وتوماهوك وسواهما
روسيا: السفينة “سموم” مزودة بأنظمة صاروخية مضادة للسفن والغواصات وصواريخ طوربيد
روسيا: السفينة “سموم” تصنف الأسرع في العالم ومزودة بمخدات هوائية تمكنها من الارتفاع فوق سطح الماء
روسيا: التشكيلة البحرية الروسية يرتفع عددها الى 6 قطع بحرية بعد انضمام البارجة الصاروخية “سموم” اليها
روسيا: السفينة “سموم” ستلتحق بالتشكيلة البحرية الروسية في البحر المتوسط بقيادة الطراد الصاروخي الثقيل “موسكفا
سوريا: معلومات خاصة للميادين: سفينة حربية روسية ترسو اليوم في ميناء طرطوس محملة بأسلحة لسوريا

September 23rd, 2014, 8:25 am


Syrialover said:

HOPEFUL’s situation summary and commentary above hits all 7 nails on the head with 100% accuracy.

That’s the standard of comment we come to SyriaComment for but get so little of these days.

September 23rd, 2014, 8:25 am


Syrialover said:

Astounding isn’t it how the US in an hour has knocked out ISIS weapons depots, official buildings and checkpoints in Raqqa that Assad(and his Iranian and Russian sponsors) failed to touch in over a year.

What’s more these non-attackers of ISIS are now protesting at the US inflicting damage on ISIS.

Astounding and revealing.

Russia’s latest insulting joke on the world: Demanding that the US get “permission” from Assad to hit ISIS targets.

September 23rd, 2014, 8:36 am


omen said:

tara, majedkhaldoun, where are you? 🙁

September 23rd, 2014, 10:15 am


Hopeful said:

Thank you SyriaLover. It is the persistency of people like you who keep me coming back to SyriaComment to make occasional comments. Please do not tire!

September 23rd, 2014, 10:27 am


mjabali said:

Obama said that his partners are Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Jordan, Kuwait, Bahrin and UAE…I think this coalition is a joke at best because these countries:

1- played a major role in building ISIS
2- Have ISIS like educational and religious systems
3- ISIS breeding ground…

September 23rd, 2014, 11:31 am


ALAN said:

Do not miss to enjoy watching the acrobatic Israeli Qatari Saudi and Turkish band in participating with USA in bombing (the bad guys) A new form of market relations! American military forces for rent! US war machine for GCC Petrodollars rental in action

September 23rd, 2014, 2:49 pm


Syrialover said:

Maps showing the US-led air strikes in Syria cover half of Syria’s airspace.

This shows how easy it would have been to set up a no-fly zone a long time ago to stop so much massive suffering and savage destruction in Syria.

It feels ridiculous now looking back on the failure to respond for pleas for a NFZ when Assad started bombing Syria to rubble.

By the way, I’m looking for an explanation of why the outside campaign against ISIS didn’t give urgent attention to preventing the panicked exodus of 400,000 terrified Kurds who heard that ISIS convoys and tanks were heading their way.

September 23rd, 2014, 3:53 pm



Obama said Assad´s Syria Army has been PASIVE.

Looooooooooooooolllll Assad is not a Lion, Assad is a cat or maybe a rat.

September 23rd, 2014, 4:22 pm


ALAN said:

42. Syria lover:
ٍYou need to remind Joe Biden to follow ISIS to the hell (as he himself said,)with others US war monsters.
By the way try to get rid over the case of sudden

U.S. enters Syrian civil war without Congressional approval

September 23rd, 2014, 4:32 pm



The Great Satan Israel hit an Assad´s Syria Air Army Fighter and the stupid Assad did NOTHING as response.

Assad is not a Lion but a cat or maybe a rat.

September 23rd, 2014, 4:33 pm



40. ALAN

Nothing of this would be happening if brainless Assad was ousted by the army when he ordered shooting at unarmed population.

September 23rd, 2014, 4:37 pm



39. mjabali

Do not be so self asured. Maybe IS was orginally created by Turkey or Qatar, I do not have any certain probe. But what I know is that IS has been infiltrated by Rusia, Assad and Iran and redirected against US and Syrian People interests.

And this is why US army is hitting the IS masked men that are russian style special forces. Let´s fxxx them all.

September 23rd, 2014, 4:40 pm


ALAN said:

من واجب المغتربين السوريين – التظاهر أمام السفارات الأمريكية لشجب العدوان على سورية لوقف القصف الجماعي الأمريكي المستأجر من قبل ماعز الخليج الذي يسبب المزيد من سفك الدم السوري.

September 23rd, 2014, 5:14 pm


Ghufran said:

US bombardment did not only hit Isis targets but also Nusra ( a top leader was killed), Khorasan terrorist group and possibly Ahrar alsham. Obama had to say that Arab nations took part in the campaign because that makes the governments of those countries look good and helps them distance themselves from the terror groups they tolerated or supported. This also provides obama with a political cover he needs.
The Syrian regime and its allies are watching with a sense of relief but they are still worried that the bombing campaign my start targetting the Syrian army or be used to prepare areas evacuated by isis for a takeover by Syrian rebels or Turkey. It is unlikely that Obama will risk igniting a wider war by hitting Syrian army targets but turkey and its puppets in the north and aljazeera are eager to capture any pieces of land or oil fields that are now controlled by Isis.
Events in the south leaves little doubt about the nature and the intention of rebel groups in Qniatra, notice the silent approval of the UN and NATO at the spread of Islamists near Israel and how Israel shot down a Syrian jet that was attacking rebel groups, Israel and turkey are bed fellows with rebels and that does not seem to bother some of you.
SOHR reported heavy losses by Isis :
لقي ما لا يقل عن 70 مقاتلاً من تنظيم ” الدولة الإسلامية” بعضهم من الجنسيات السورية مصرعهم، وأصيب نحو 300 آخرين بجراح، جراء الغارات والضربات الصاروخية، التي نفذتها قوات التحالف العربي – الدولي لمحاربة تنظيم ” الدولة الإسلامية” وجبهة النصرة وتنظيمات إسلامية أخرى، تضم مقاتلين من جنسيات غير سورية، على مقرات ومراكز وحواجز ومعسكرات لتنظيم الدولة الإسلامية في الرقة ودير الزور والحسكة، وأكدت مصادر موثوقة للمرصد السوري لحقوق الإنسان، أن عدد صرعى تنظيم “الدولة الإسلامية” مرشح للارتفاع إلى أكثر من 150 صريع، بسبب وجود أكثر من 100 جريح حالتهم حرجة، وتم نقلهم إلى العراق.

September 23rd, 2014, 9:31 pm


mjabali said:

Sandro Low:

ISIS is a Sunni Muslim organization and those who made are Sunni Muslims, and to be exact Hanbali Sunni Muslims.

If al-Assad, Russia or Iran infiltrated ISIS, that is possible, but insignificant. This is what conspiracy buffs would say.

ISIS is the ideology that no Shia (like al-Assad or Iran) or non Shia (Russia) could generate.

There is a long line of books and theories that led to ISIS. It is not the creation of yesterday. The ideology that created ISIS is the real danger.

September 23rd, 2014, 9:37 pm


Hopeful said:

Let me assume for a minute that Assad truly believed, on day one, that there was an international external conspiracy against Syria and that he truly intended to protect Syria’s sovereignty.

Any leader would tell you that, the first step in defending against the outside, is uniting the inside (core).

So what does he do instead? Divide the core!

Now, more three years later, the country is more divided than ever, half of its citizens are refugees, and everyone and his mother has violated its sovereignty – starting from the foreign jihadis from 80+ countries, to Hizballa, Iraqi militias and Iran, and now the US, UAE, Jordan, and even his biggest nemeses: Saudi and Qatar.

For God’s sake, why are we allowing our beloved country to be led by an incompetent mumbling son-of-a-Pharaoh? Why aren’t there people within his administration crying: “the emperor has no clothes”!

September 24th, 2014, 12:37 am


Hopeful said:

#50 Mjabali

I agree with you. ISIS, Alqaeda, and similar ideologies and organizations are pure evil and dangerous. They are not the creation of a single country or a regime. They exist because of five reasons:

1. The strong belief, among tens if not hundreds millions of Muslims around the world, that Islam’s past glorious days will only come back if Muslims “go back to their core” (whatever that means), and establish an Ummah that is ruled by Sharia (whatever that means)

2. The willingness of millions of muslims to fight “jihad” to support the cause above, and even blow themselves up in the process

3. The willingness of hundreds of thousands of muslims, many of them super wealthy flushed with oil money from gulf states, to donate to the cause above

4. The existence of thousands of fiery preachers who can manipulate minds and wash brains, and are able to justify any evil action by reciting a verse of the Quran or a saying of the profit.

5. (MOST IMPORTANTLY) The inexcusable actions (or more precisely inactions) of billions of muslims around the world, who turn a blind eye on these groups’ terrorist acts, when they are targeted against the “enemies”. The people who hailed Usama bin Laden for blowing up the world trade center, who justified the actions of the Palestinian suicide bombers in Israel’s cafes and weddings, who celebrated the release of Samir Kuntar – the killer of a 4-year-old toddler, and the people who justified the kidnapping and killing of Alawii villagers in north Syria.

No nation, country or regime can make or stop this phenomena. It is made, or can be stopped, by the muslims themselves. The white supremacy movement created nazism and World World II. Now it is shunned by most western societies and peoples: its members are shunned, its leaders discredited and its financing dried out. and that’s how it is defeated!

Only Muslims can defeat ISIS and Al-qaeda – from within.

September 24th, 2014, 1:00 am



50. mjarali

You talked as If you possesed superior knowledge. I do know what a chia, a sunni of differents schools (wahabí, hanbali, shafai, sufí, etc), druze, alawi, ismaili, yazidi, etc, is.

But you thinking is too simple. It seems you probably had not born when war Lebanon took place. There you could find druze, sunni and Christian palestinaians, falanges or chia being sponsored by their own enemies just with the hidden purpose of taking them to disaster.

It looks as if you never read about Machiavelli. Assad did.

It is not strange that all people I talk to inside Syria (Aleppo, Edlib, Deir, Hama and Salamiya) tell me that Assad men are who direct and control IS. At the end the people we see unmasked in pictures are poor and miserable beduins, while masked men are those in charge of takinf IS to fight FSA and creating the false image that SYRIAN REVOLUTION IS ALQAEDA.

I do not know why I write all of this because you know it.

September 24th, 2014, 3:04 am



50. mjarali

Last but not least, ASSAD has proben to be much more dangerous tan IS because has killed and provoked the death of innocent people by hundreds of thousands.

Do not manipulate emotions. Let´s be rational.

September 24th, 2014, 3:07 am


Badr said:

Why aren’t there people within his administration crying: “the emperor has no clothes”!

Because they must all hang together, or assuredly they shall all hang separately.

September 24th, 2014, 3:36 am


ALAN said:

Micro nukes can be mass produced fast and cheap when needed. Just assemble and test. Cruise missiles weighing less than 1,000 lbs., not 4,000 lbs. Any plane can drop one. Even a Cessna 150 can be turned into a drone. Mortars and tanks can shoot the rounds. Man-pad / RPG micro nukes are just around the corner. Nuclear tipped hand grenades and 36 mm rounds are next.
The throw dirty bombs on Syrian territory is an act of aggression and should deter by available possibilities.
On the United States and it allies to STOP the cholera transfer into the Syrian territory only and no more than that.
I unlike you never to allow a foreign aggression to my homeland.
The west has turned the world into a fearful place unfit for a normal life! the world has become brutal and scary. F*ck Your western civilized-Brute World gentlemen.

September 24th, 2014, 4:28 am


ALAN said:

The American bank targets eclectic as it is limited to all who did not obey the will of the American and Israelies.
Generally/ It is a prelude to send more of thousands of new “Moderates” fighters, who are in training now. and to this topic there is continuity ….

September 24th, 2014, 5:13 am


ALAN said:

Clearly, a “buffer zone” is the next step for Western designs aimed at exacting regime change in Syria and would be a move the Syrian government would not readily agree to. It was also a step that merely needed a pretext to move forward. In 2012, fabricated border incidents with Turkey were being used to help implement this strategy but failed. Now the threat of ISIS is being used to resell the exact same scheme.

While Turkey and Israel continue applying pressure on Syria’s borders, America’s assault on Syrian territory itself will begin carving out the safe havens and corridors described by Brookings in 2012.

Before Syria and its allies could fill the geostrategic void Western-backed terrorists created in eastern Syria and northern Iraq, the West has moved – but perhaps what would have become a trap for Syrian, Iranian, and other regional forces, may end up a trap instead for Western forces and their “Arab partners.” This however, depends entirely on Syria and its allies’ ability to mire the West in protracted fighting – fighting that may eventually lead to America’s Persian Gulf allies’ doorsteps.

For now, Syria and its allies must formulate carefully a strategy that resists overreaction to immense provocations, understand the true nature of America’s aggression, determining whether it was exercised from a position of strength or immense weakness, and devise countermeasures that accommodate long-term consequences of America’s current campaign. A balance between allowing the West to exhaust its last desperate options, but preventing long-term entrenchment of Western-backed proxies must be struck.
First appeared:

September 24th, 2014, 5:51 am


Alan said:

غفران :
هل يوجد عقلاء في الولايات المتحدة ؟

September 24th, 2014, 12:09 pm


Badr said:

Как он мог знать? Он живёт в США.

September 24th, 2014, 1:11 pm


ALAN said:

The absurdity of the US actions is evident. No one is capable of destroying the Islamic radicalism and terrorism with air and rocket strikes.
After the United States attacked Syria, it plunged herself into a hornet’s nest! It may actually gambled its security around the world! And terrorism will increase by accession sleeping terrorism potential cells and not surprised that the United States will licking the ass for help from all its opponents!
It is obvious that Stupid Obama is not about fighting the Islamists, he is simply trying to increase his critically low approval rating within the country in the light of the upcoming Congress elections. He chose to show the American public a “tough guy”, especially against the backdrop the utter failure of the US policy
But if the Islamic state islamists and their allies will carry out a number terrorist attacks in the United States and Europe, then no one would doubt the thinking behind them. And then Obama should not be surprised if he’s going be be impeached. seems that the Stupid Obama is less aware of the possible consequences of his adventurous actions in the Middle East.

September 24th, 2014, 1:27 pm


Juergen said:

hidden cam report by a women in Raqa/Syria

French TV

September 24th, 2014, 2:16 pm


Observer said:

I watched the France 24 debate yesterday on Syria and a Ms. Emma or Lamma Suleiman was present.
I also watched the PBS newshour where Dr. Landis and Andrew Tabler were discussants.

I am struck by one observation from both discussions: the recognition by all participants that for the Sunni world to come on board this campaign they have to have a stake in their future at the end. These people were not talking about the ruling Sunni clans and families. They were talking about the average Sunni in the streets.

This is a clear demonstration once again that the so called Arab Street ever so dismissed by rulers and Western powers is no longer to be dismissed.

Another article in the NYT today exposes at length the re emergence of anti semitism in Europe with right wing parties that are xenophobic and see the ME conflict as fueling the migration of Muslims to Europe and left wing parties sympathetic to the Palestinian cause.

This is clear that Israel and its right wing coalition today is as fanatic as that of IS or HA. They are also self righteous eternally complaining of their victimhood to exclude and dehumanize the other.

As for the debate on TV I mentioned above I was struck by the fact that the discussants on both channels recognize now that sectarian discourse is the only one prevalent in the region. Even Dr. Landis was expressing his concern that the destruction of Syria will reach Damascus and Banias and Latakia the heartland of Alawi rule; and it seemed to me that the realization of sectarining the conflict by the regime has now backfired fully with the regime and IS being both put in the same category of evil.

I shudder to think of what is coming and I do think that fanatisicm is going to increase rather than be blunted by these attacks. Today the Daily Star has shown persistent advance of IS despite the airstrikes.

It is also clear that Russia is more interested in Ukraine than in the iPad retard.

September 24th, 2014, 3:46 pm


ALAN said:

After the listening to an interview with Mr. Landis, I feel sorry for this level of evaluation. The Professor flattening threads and not looking at it in a real form to assess the panoramic spatial dimensions and especially when the search for a legitimate defense of America against terrorism by marketing aggression against Syria.

Is this academic assessment? Is dealing with the affairs of vital areas such as the subject is cut and paste? Something defective.

that is not the honor to ally with the monarchies of the Gulf, which will come out of them who will blow up your cities? Why America must pass a challenge to convince the Arabs goats? Is the money the goal?

Either reshape your new policy in line with the year 2014 and not 1992 or more will receive a disappointment

America is limp and lacking in fitness and it is not correct to delude listeners that the terrorism will end by the flight on Syrian territory. The war on terrorism is a global sincere effort . Stop hiding behind your imagination.

September 24th, 2014, 5:39 pm


mjabali said:


Yes I have a superior-than-yours knowledge when it comes to Jihadi movements, especially ISIS.

You can educate yourself. The material is available online. Also, since you speak, and read Arabic you could find way much more info. The Jihadis made sure to make their material available.

Giving examples from the Lebanese Civil War does not apply to ISIS, because, the latter group is playing in the open. You could read what ISIS say about your claims. The actions of ISIS makes all of your theories false and incredible. Your theory is based on gossip. Yes, you could sell it to some people but not me.

September 24th, 2014, 6:57 pm


Mjabali said:


You brought many valuable points about how and why people join ISIS or any other violent Jihadi group. The most important point you brought is that only Muslims could defeat ISIS, that is true because these Muslims are the ones who know the flows in the logic (if there is any) of ISIS.

But: one point you missed, and I would add and which is the most important thing that supports groups like ISIS: Sponsorship.

Without sponsorship ISIS and other groups can not exist.

What makes the ideas of the fiery preachers reach all of these masses. Remember, that many of those preachers have limited means: what makes their ideas and books that important?

September 24th, 2014, 7:09 pm


Hopeful said:

#66 Mjabali

In my book, “sponsorship” is a means not a cause. It falls in the same category of excuses such as: poverty, Israel, imperialism, Assad, etc….

The main “sponsors” are the Muslim masses donating money and people to the Jihadi cause. Everything else is transient, temporary, unreliable…

September 24th, 2014, 11:28 pm


ghufran said:

After scores of islamist rebels were lost in Ghouta and areas around Damascus, there are new efforts to force Hadi al-Bahra to resign and a fresh campaign to remove all military chiefs under FSA umbrella. parts of Jobar and most of Douma are still in the hands of rebels but I believe this will change soon especially if behind the scenes attempts to broker a cease fire start to bear fruits.
ISIS lost many fighters despite being given plenty of time to leave their bases, now we are told that Tabqa air base may be empty soon and other areas like Myadeen can follow, I yet have to hear about who might be coming to fill the void, Nusra and ISIS terrorists are following rebels example and hiding in heavily populated areas. western press and SOHR reported over a dozen civilian death from US bombing in Syria in 48 hours.
70% of identified ISIS dead were NOT Syrian, remember when opposition leaders were claiming that less than 10% of rebels were foreigners ?
foreign fighters are now in every rebel held area not just where ISIS dominates, locals from all over Syria reported seeing fighters from north Africa, Chechnya, GCC countries and even the far East, foreign fighters are also favorites for leadership positions and are considered more brutal and vicious, they are not fighting their own people and many have fought in Iraq and Afghanistan.

September 25th, 2014, 12:40 am


annie said:

From Maysaloon

US Strikes In Syria
Since 2011 Assad has progressively escalated his war against the Syrian people. His regime set the daily killing quotas, they escalated from small arms fire to tanks, cannon, rockets and airplanes. As the days turned into weeks and the months turned into years we were subjected to the same diatribe demanding that innocent unarmed people die for the principles of those watching them from a thousand miles away. Anybody who thought otherwise was dismissed as a warmonger. The chemical attacks came, and still the world did nothing. Then ISIS emerged, it almost overran the north of Syria before the Free Syrian Army along with Jabhat al Nusra pushed it out, and it went on to overrun most of Iraq. Then the world took notice but that was only because ISIS were about to commit the mother of all massacres against the Azidis of Iraq. Nobody complained about the airstrikes against ISIS in Iraq. Today those airstrikes began in Syria, and like earthworms after the rain the people who were silent before have now appeared and are able to speak.

Now they wring their hands in anguish. They pray for Syria. They wish there was another way. They worry about the innocents whose lives would be lost if the US led strikes against Syria materialised. Maybe to them a death by a US made bomb is a far worse fate than being killed by a Russian made one. So they shake their heads, “No, this won’t do at all. It is one thing to watch a country bleed white over the course of three years, but to have the United States cauterise the cancer that is ISIS immediately, well that’s just outrageous”.

There’s only one reason why the United States is bombing ISIS in northern Syria, and that’s because the Assad regime gunned down innocent protesters in 2011. In his first speech after the protests in Deraa, and when his regime could no longer pretend like nothing was happening, he ranted and raved about a terrorism that didn’t exist in Syria yet. He warned, no he threatened, that Syria will turn into another Afghanistan. He abandoned the north east of Syria, he struck oil deals with ISIS, he deliberately avoided bombing their headquarters whilst raining his wrath on the parts of Syria in control by the Free Syrian Army. His army obliterated parts of Homs, and eviscerated Aleppo, in a scorched earth policy that his soldiers spray-paint christened as “Assad or this country burns”. If there is anybody who holds the moral blame for all that has befallen Syrians since then, it is this bankrupt regime and its Russian and Iranian backers.

Syrians have had three years of this murder. Three years of his apologists using smoke and mirrors and every trick in the book to paralyse the international community and prevent it from doing anything about the barrel bombs and the chlorine bombs dropping on the heads of civilians. Again and again the spectre of Iraq is raised, not so that anybody can learn anything, but to frighten anyone from action, however much needed, to help Syrians. The anti-imperialist camp must, at any cost, oppose intervention in Syria and they are pathologically incapable of comprehending its necessity. Others will get on to the moral high horse and say that strikes on Syria will lead to innocent lives being lost. Of course, they don’t seem to mind much that the very next day those lives could be lost either by an overzealous ISIS fanatic enforcing his apocalyptic vision of a utopian society, or that death could come by Assad’s barrel bombs or rocket attacks or air strikes. No, for that they can only offer the potential victims a lot of moral anguish, hand wringing and anxiety as they are crushed between Assad and ISIS. Heaven forbid that anybody interfere, that anybody try to do something.

Last year many of those same people cheered with joy that strikes against the Assad regime were averted after he used chemical weapons against the Syrian people. Since then the death toll in Syria has risen to over 200,000. But they have nothing to say about that. They’ve been too busy spending the last year basking in the warm glow of their own self righteousness. Since then Assad and his Shiite allies have managed to push back the Free Syrian Army (without ever challenging ISIS seriously) and ISIS has emerged from a fringe lunatic group to a lunatic messianic state controlling an area larger than the size of England. The non-interventionists are responsible for this turn of events, and they are responsible for the rise of ISIS. They offered no solutions, only obstacles. They don’t have a position you can criticise. They just insist that nobody have a position either, that Syrians die for the principles of somebody else; somebody who can rubber-stamp the revolution and say, “Yes, you’re a bonafide revolution and we approve of you”, and say to them, “We will sing your praises in post-graduate Middle East courses across the Western world for all time, and write books about your sacrifices”.

The fact is non-interventionists have no right to talk about who may or may not get hurt in Syria, to pretend to be concerned for the innocent, and they have no right to hold the moral high ground after the debacle we’ve seen in Syria for the last twelve months. This is a disaster, step aside and let someone do something about it.
source :

September 25th, 2014, 12:57 am




Please give us all your knowledge as expert in jihadism and ISIS (I wonder how anyone can be a specialist in a movement that is 15 months old) and answer is you can the following questions:

1) Are false news of May 2013 that a caravan of islam extremist prisoners were sent from Sayndaya and Abu Ghreib to Raqqa, escorted by Malki and Assad milicias?

2) Why did not Assad attack a single time Raqqa in 15 months?
Worde even, why Assad let hi battalion in Tabqa fall in the hands of Raqqa whitout shooting a single bullet?

3) Why Assad opened ways to ISIS so ISIS could attack FSA?


September 25th, 2014, 1:34 am


mjabali said:


The Islamic State is not a 15 month old organization as you claim, it is a group that was present years ago.

They are the reincarnation of the ideas that has been around for a while. They were able to be strong and successful because they are more organized, and rich, than the others.

As for Your claim that Assad and Maliki sent men in buses and taxis driven by 4th division officers is like a James Bond film to me all fiction, or like Maqaleb Ghawar if you want a reference from your culture: fiction.

Why didn’t Assad bomb them is not a correct question. He bombed them whenever they fought, but he did not engage them in a massive fight, and they did not engage him in a massive fight alone. Each has his own agenda, why they did not cross to your liking is something else. Next time Assad and the Islamic State should take into consideration what you want. Please Sandro, you asked me the other day if I was old enough to know and decipher what is going on. It seems that you should ask yourself the same question.

And as for who are the men behind the masks? Please Sandro go read more about how the Islamic State work and operate, their outfit is a very calculated matter and to be behind the mask is a part of the experience.

September 25th, 2014, 7:21 am


ALAN said:

For the attention of professor.

September 25th, 2014, 2:27 pm


Badr said:

“Ghufran” wrote: “70% of identified ISIS dead were NOT Syrian, remember when opposition leaders were claiming that less than 10% of rebels were foreigners ?”

Here is a basic arithmetic problem for you “Ghufran”:

Let’s say that out of 100 rebels, there are:
86 Syrians from groups other than isis
9 foreigners from isis
4 Syrians from isis
1 foreigner who is not with isis

Can you “Ghufran” find out if the numbers above give both the 10% and 70% assumed percentages?

September 25th, 2014, 2:41 pm


ALAN said:

Nothing better illustrates the bankruptcy of the Obama administration’s foreign policy than funding groups that turn on the U.S. again and again, a neo-con fueled cycle of profits for war-makers and destruction of ever-shifting “enemies.”
The fact can’t be refuted: ISIS was born of Western intervention in Iraq and covert action in Syria.

September 25th, 2014, 5:15 pm


Badr said:

Take from my previous comment only that the 10% and 70% figures do not necessarily contradict each other.

September 26th, 2014, 6:21 am



71. mjabali

Your answers add nothing new and give no light to any of my questions. You even deny facts that can be find on-line and no one with a brain can deny.

September 26th, 2014, 8:17 am


ALAN said:

The “Islamic Emirate” initially displayed its Arab origin. This organization sprang from “Al-Qaeda in Iraq” who fought not the US invaders, but Iraqi Shiites. It became the “Islamic Emirate in Iraq” and the “Islamic Emirate in Iraq and the Levant.” In October 2007, the US Army seized 606 records of foreign members of this organization near Sinjar. The records were inventoried and examined by experts from the Military Academy at West Point….
..However, when NATO has installed chaos everywhere in the Arab world, including its Saudi ally, it will turn the “Islamic Emirate” against the two great developing powers, Russia and China. That is why these two powers should intervene now and nip in the bud this private army being constituted and trained by NATO in the Arab world. Otherwise, Moscow and Beijing will soon have to confront it on their own soil.

hmmmm …
US has hit the Syrian refineries. Admittedly they are under ISIS control. Is there any proof of destruction of any ISIS tanks or artillery? Only empty buildings? I think that Obama has worked in pursuit of Brzezinski’s sort of goal of destabilising Russia and China with the help of ISIS. As Thierry Meyssan has observed, the leadership of ISIS seems to have recently been made over. “Its principal officers are no longer Arabs, but Georgian and Chinese. . . . this mutation shows that NATO ultimately intends to use the “Islamic Emirate” in Russia and in China.”

September 26th, 2014, 9:30 am


ALAN said:

Hussein Hitler Obama! do you think that Russia is a banana republic? Russia is a first nuclear country in the world ! if you’re a man with testicles try to start a war with it! probably you going to attack Russia stage by stage! at your finger tips, step by step, is not it?
, Stop the arrogance, the militants will be able to shoot down your aircraft in Syria? It’s a matter of time and you would sink in the quicksand

September 26th, 2014, 6:59 pm


Ghufran said:

Adra as a whole is ready to fall in the next 24 hours according to rebel sources. In Jobar the only side fighting on the rebels side is Nusra terrorists, most others withdrew to Douma.
Erdogan wants a no fly zone in the north, if NATO agrees expect a new phase of violence in the region, the US is denying that it supports the idea but that can change if the USA decides to put its own “moderate rebels” in areas that may be evacuated by Isis.
The so called NFZ is a fancy term to cover the real intention:
Annexing parts of Syria and preventing any potential move by the Kurds to establish a state or a semi state in Kurdish areas.

September 26th, 2014, 7:23 pm


ghufran said:

A video showing Syrian refugees in Ersal-Lebanon demonstrating in support of ISIS and Nusra, near the end of the video people asked Nusra chief to enter Beirut !!

September 26th, 2014, 9:17 pm




Your defense of massacres of poor syrian human beings is repulsive and offensive. I hope you or your children receive the same treatment.

September 27th, 2014, 3:58 am


Alan said:

I will pray for you. Take care.

September 27th, 2014, 5:28 am


Uzair8 said:

‘I hope you or your children receive the same treatment.’

It may be difficult but I wouldn’t wish that on anyone, even on our worst enemies.

This hopefully will make Alan realise the wrongness of his positions.

September 27th, 2014, 4:00 pm


Uzair8 said:

Who is behind ISIS?

Yvonne Ridley
Saturday, 23 August 2014


The question to ask is this: Who really benefits from the unfolding ISIS spectacle? The big winners are sitting within the Assad regime.


September 27th, 2014, 4:04 pm


Uzair8 said:

EXCLUSIVE: Shaikh Hassan Abboud’s final interview

Yvonne Ridley
Monday, 22 September 2014

Just hours before an explosion wiped out the entire
leadership of one of the most powerful rebel groups in Syria, the head of Ahrar Al-Sham Brigade spent four hours talking to Yvonne Ridley about his vision for the future. In an amazingly frank interview, this is what he told her.


September 27th, 2014, 4:08 pm


Uzair8 said:

As UK was readying for action, BBC Radio 4 asked a couple of guests including Anas al Tikriti whether ISIS could be wiped out.

The World Tonight – 25/9/14

Listen from 13:35 minutes (~6 min long)

September 27th, 2014, 4:29 pm


ALAN said:

A Look Inside The Secret Deal With Saudi Arabia That Unleashed The Syrian Bombing

Saudi players in attendance for the Sept. 11 meeting included Prince Bandar bin Gorion, who as the king’s spymaster last year ran afoul of Mr. Kerry over Syria and Iraq policy. U.S. officials interpreted his presence as a sign the king wanted to make sure the court was united, U.S. officials said.
Actually, his presence is a sign that the same puppetmaster who pulled the strings, and failed, in 2013 to remove Assad, and as noted above was at least officially removed from the stage subsequently, is once again the person in charge of the Syrian campaign, only this time unofficially, and this time has Obama entirely wrapped around his finger.

September 27th, 2014, 4:50 pm


ALAN said:

85. UZAIR8
I do not have enemies.
You’re talking about your own enemies, right?

September 27th, 2014, 5:21 pm


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